College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research Output 1979 2020

2019

Vehicle Positioning Based on Road-side Features and Matching Techniques

Wang, S. L., Juang, J-C. & Tsai, H. Y., 2019 Jan 9, 2018 International Automatic Control Conference, CACS 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 8606772. (2018 International Automatic Control Conference, CACS 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Positioning
Feature extraction
Feature Extraction
Roadsides
Sensors

Visual-guided robot arm using self-supervised deep convolutional neural networks

Nguyen, V. T., Lin, C., Li, C. H. G., Guo, S. M. & Lien, J. J. J., 2019 Aug, 2019 IEEE 15th International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2019. IEEE Computer Society, p. 1415-1420 6 p. 8842899. (IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering; vol. 2019-August).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Labeling
Robots
Neural networks
Robotic arms
Supervised learning
1 Citation (Scopus)

VLSI Design of an Efficient Flicker-Free Video Defogging Method for Real-Time Applications

Shiau, Y. H., Kuo, Y. T., Chen, P-Y. & Hsu, F. Y., 2019 Jan 1, In : IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology. 29, 1, p. 238-251 14 p., 8119569.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

VLSI circuits
Computer vision
Luminance
Scattering
Hardware

Voltage Clamping Balance for Charging/Discharging Battery Module

Chung, Y. Y., Liang, T-J., Tseng, W. J. & Liu, J. H., 2019 May 1, ICPE 2019 - ECCE Asia - 10th International Conference on Power Electronics - ECCE Asia. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 680-687 8 p. 8797233. (ICPE 2019 - ECCE Asia - 10th International Conference on Power Electronics - ECCE Asia).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Charging (batteries)
Battery
Voltage
Module
Electric potential

Voltage Transfer Characteristic Matching by Different Nanosheet Layer Numbers of Vertically Stacked Junctionless CMOS Inverter for SoP/3D-ICs applications

Sung, P. J., Chang, C. Y., Chen, L. Y., Kao, K. H., Su, C. J., Liao, T. H., Fang, C. C., Wang, C. J., Hong, T. C., Jao, C. Y., Hsu, H. S., Luo, S. X., Wang, Y. S., Huang, H. F., Li, J. H., Huang, Y. C., Hsueh, F. K., Wu, C. T., Huang, Y. M., Hou, F. J. & 16 others, Luo, G. L., Huang, Y. C., Shen, Y. L., Ma, W. C. Y., Huang, K. P., Lin, K. L., Samukawa, S., Li, Y., Huang, G. W., Lee, Y. J., Li, J. Y., Wu, W. F., Shieh, J. M., Chao, T. S., Yeh, W. K. & Wang, Y. H., 2019 Jan 16, 2018 IEEE International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 21.4.1-21.4.4 8614553. (Technical Digest - International Electron Devices Meeting, IEDM; vol. 2018-December).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nanosheets
inverters
CMOS
Electric potential
electric potential

Vulnerability of super extra edge-connected graphs

Cheng, C. W., Hsieh, S-Y. & Klasing, R., 2019 Jan 1, (Accepted/In press) In : Journal of Computer and System Sciences.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Edge-connectivity
Fault tolerance
Vulnerability
Connected graph
Integer

Wind farm layout optimization based on support vector regression guided genetic algorithm with consideration of participation among landowners

Ju, X., Liu, F., Wang, L. & Lee, W. J., 2019 Sep 15, In : Energy Conversion and Management. 196, p. 1267-1281 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Farms
Genetic algorithms
Wind turbines
Experiments
Industry

Worship prediction: identify followers in celebrity-dived networks

Teng, S. Y., Ting, L. P. Y., Yeh, M. Y. & Chuang, K-T., 2019 Jan 15, In : World Wide Web. 22, 1, p. 347-373 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Labels
Learning algorithms
Marketing
Industry
Problem-Based Learning

ZnO/Silicon-Rich Oxide Superlattices with High Thermoelectric Figure of Merit: A Comprehensive Study by Experiment and Molecular Dynamic Simulation

Wu, H. T., Su, Y. C., Pao, C. W. & Shih, C-F., 2019 Apr 10, In : ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 11, 14, p. 13507-13513 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Superlattices
Silicon
Oxides
Molecular dynamics
Computer simulation

Электронные транспортные и оптические свойства монокристалла Mo 0,5 W 0,5 Te 2

Translated title of the contribution: Electronic transport and optical properties of Mo 0.5 W 0.5 Te 2 single crystal Marchenkov, V. V., Domozhirova, A. N., Makhnev, A. A., Shreder, E. I., Naumov, S. V., Chistyakov, V. V., Huang, J-C. & Eisterer, M., 2019 Feb 1, In : Fizika Nizkikh Temperatur. 45, 2, p. 278-282 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

magnetoresistivity
transport properties
optical properties
single crystals
electronics
2018
rubidium
anthracene
indium oxides
tin oxides
interlayers

3D RGB light emitting diodes prepared by through silicon via technology

Lu, C. L., Chang, S-J., Chen, W. S. & Hsueh, T. J., 2018 Jan 1, In : ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology. 7, 9, p. R156-R159

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Light emitting diodes
Silicon
Cathodes
Three dimensional integrated circuits
Electric potential
3 Citations (Scopus)
Doppler radar
clutter
extremely high frequencies
cancellation
CMOS
1 Citation (Scopus)

A 0.96mA quiescent current, 0.0032% THD+N, 1.45W Class-D audio amplifier with area-efficient PWM-residual-aliasing reduction

Chien, S. H., Chen, Y. W. & Kuo, T-H., 2018 Mar 8, 2018 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 60-62 3 p. (Digest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference; vol. 61).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pulse width modulation
Modulators
Networks (circuits)
Switching frequency
Mobile devices
3 Citations (Scopus)

A 1.2 v 490 μw Sub-GHz UWB CMOS LNA with Current Reuse Negative Feedback

Chen, W. W., Yang, S. D. & Cheng, K-W., 2018 Apr 26, 2018 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 8350952. (Proceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems; vol. 2018-May).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Low noise amplifiers
Ultra-wideband (UWB)
Feedback
Broadband amplifiers
Noise figure

A 11-bit 35-MS/s wide input range SAR ADC in 180-nm CMOS process

Luo, W. C., Chang, S-J., Huang, C. P. & Wu, H. S., 2018 Jun 5, 2018 International Symposium on VLSI Design, Automation and Test, VLSI-DAT 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1-4 4 p. (2018 International Symposium on VLSI Design, Automation and Test, VLSI-DAT 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Analog-to-digital Converter
Successive Approximation
Digital to analog conversion
Range of data
Networks (circuits)
2 Citations (Scopus)

A 12-b 40-MS/s Calibration-Free SAR ADC

Hsu, C. W., Chang, S-J., Huang, C. P., Chang, L. J., Shyu, Y. T., Hou, C. H., Tseng, H. A., Kung, C. Y. & Hu, H. J., 2018 Mar 1, In : IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers. 65, 3, p. 881-890 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Digital to analog conversion
Calibration
Capacitors
Sampling
Networks (circuits)
1 Citation (Scopus)

A backward fast handover control scheme for mobile internet (BFH-MIPv6)

Chiang, M. S. & Huang, C-M., 2018 Jan 1, In : Journal of Internet Technology. 19, 2, p. 359-367 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Routers
Internet
Wireless networks
Tunnels
1 Citation (Scopus)

A Bifacial SnO2 Thin-Film Ethanol Gas Sensor

Lu, C. L., Chang, S-J., Weng, T. C. & Hsueh, T. J., 2018 Aug 1, In : IEEE Electron Device Letters. 39, 8, p. 1223-1225 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemical sensors
Ethanol
Thin films
Thick films
Transducers
10 Citations (Scopus)

Ab Initio -Aided Sensitizer Design for Mn 4+ -Activated Mg 2 TiO 4 as an Ultrabright Fluoride-Free Red-Emitting Phosphor

Huang, C. S., Huang, C-L., Liu, Y. C., Lin, S., Chan, T. S. & Tu, H. W., 2018 Mar 13, In : Chemistry of Materials. 30, 5, p. 1769-1775 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fluorides
Phosphors
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Synchrotron radiation
Rare earths

A bioinformatics potpourri

Schönbach, C., Li, J., Ma, L., Paul, B. H. I., Sjaugi, M. F. & Ranganathan, S., 2018 Jan 19, In : BMC genomics. 19, 920.

Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

Computational Biology
Genomics
Metagenomics
Posters
Precision Medicine

Absorption of high-frequency power by using graphene films

Lin, G. S., Chen, L. S. & Houng, M., 2018 Oct 1, Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Conference on Information, Communication and Engineering: Information and Innovation for Modern Technology, ICICE 2017. Lam, A. D. K-T., Prior, S. D. & Meen, T-H. (eds.). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 87-89 3 p. 8479120. (Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE International Conference on Information, Communication and Engineering: Information and Innovation for Modern Technology, ICICE 2017).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Graphene
Screen printing
Microstrip lines
Sheet resistance
Communication

A Built-in Self-Test Scheme for Detecting Defects in FinFET-Based SRAM Circuit

Chen, M. C., Wu, T. H. & Wu, C. W., 2018 Dec 6, Proceedings - 2018 IEEE 27th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 19-24 6 p. 8567404. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium; vol. 2018-October).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Built-in self test
Static random access storage
Defects
Networks (circuits)
Transistors
1 Citation (Scopus)

A Bursty Multi-node Handover scheme for mobile internet using the partially Distributed Mobility Management (BMH–DMM) architecture

Huang, C-M., Dao, D. T. & Chiang, M. S., 2018 Sep 1, In : Telecommunication Systems. 69, 1, p. 113-130 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Internet
Blocking probability
Packet loss
Wireless networks
Bandwidth
1 Citation (Scopus)

A case study on the universal compensation-improvement mechanism: A robust PID filter-shaped optimal PI tracker for systems with/without disturbances

Tsai, J. S-H., Wang, H. H., Guo, S-M., Shieh, L. S. & Canelon, J. I., 2018 May 1, In : Journal of the Franklin Institute. 355, 8, p. 3583-3618 36 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Disturbance
Directly proportional
Filter
Servomechanisms
State feedback

Acceleration of Monte-Carlo simulation on high performance computing platforms

Wang, P. J., Liu, C. Y., Tu, C., Lee, C. P. & Hung, S. H., 2018 Oct 9, Proceedings of the 2018 Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems, RACS 2018. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, p. 225-230 6 p. (Proceedings of the 2018 Research in Adaptive and Convergent Systems, RACS 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Monte Carlo methods
Photonics
Sampling
Monte Carlo simulation
3 Citations (Scopus)

A chatbot using LSTM-based multi-layer embedding for elderly care

Su, M. H., Wu, C-H., Huang, K. Y., Hong, Q. B. & Wang, H. M., 2018 Apr 10, Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Orange Technologies, ICOT 2017. Wang, L., Dong, M., Lu, Y. & Li, H. (eds.). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., Vol. 2018-January. p. 70-74 5 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

sentences
embedding
Semantics
Social Media
conversation

A check-in shielding scheme against acquaintance inference in location-based social networks

Chen, B. H., Li, C-T. & Chuang, K-T., 2018 Jan 1, (Accepted/In press) In : World Wide Web.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shielding
Experiments
5 Citations (Scopus)

A Cloud-Based Metabolite and Chemical Prioritization System for the Biology/Disease-Driven Human Proteome Project

Yu, K., Lee, T. M., Chen, Y., Ré, C., Kou, S. C., Chiang, J-H., Snyder, M. & Kohane, I. S., 2018 Aug 21, In : Journal of Proteome Research.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

A Cloud-based Pluggable Manufacturing Service Scheme for Smart Factory

Liu, Y. Y., Hung, M. H., Lin, Y. C., Chen, C-C., Gao, W. L. & Cheng, F-T., 2018 Dec 4, 2018 IEEE 14th International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering, CASE 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 1040-1045 6 p. 8560401. (IEEE International Conference on Automation Science and Engineering; vol. 2018-August).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Industrial plants
Pulse amplitude modulation
Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition
Cloud computing
Graphical user interfaces

A cluster analysis-based localization scheme for wireless sensor networks using mobile anchor nodes with directional antennas

Chang, Y. J., Ou, C. H. & Ssu, K-F., 2018 Jun 22, Proceedings of 4th IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation 2018, ICASI 2018. Lam, A. D. K-T., Prior, S. D. & Meen, T-H. (eds.). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1156-1158 3 p. (Proceedings of 4th IEEE International Conference on Applied System Innovation 2018, ICASI 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Directional Antenna
Cluster analysis
Cluster Analysis
Anchors
Sensor nodes
1 Citation (Scopus)

A Collision Rate-Based Backoff Algorithm for Contention-Based Wireless Networks

Lin, C. H., Tsai, Y. C., Wei, Y. H. & Shieh, C-K., 2018 Sep 11, 2018 3rd International Conference on Computer and Communication Systems, ICCCS 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 109-112 4 p. 8463348

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wireless networks
Throughput
1 Citation (Scopus)

A comprehensive study of polymorphic phase distribution of ferroelectric-dielectrics and interfacial layer effects on negative capacitance FETs for Sub-5 nm node

Tang, Y. T., Su, C. J., Wang, Y. S., Kao, K-H., Wu, T. L., Sung, P. J., Hou, F. J., Wang, C. J., Yeh, M. S., Lee, Y. J., Wu, W. F., Huang, G. W., Shieh, J. M., Yeh, W. K. & Wang, Y-H., 2018 Oct 25, 2018 IEEE Symposium on VLSI Technology, VLSI Technology 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 45-46 2 p. 8510696. (Digest of Technical Papers - Symposium on VLSI Technology; vol. 2018-June).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Field effect transistors
Ferroelectric materials
Capacitance
Depolarization
Tensors
7 Citations (Scopus)

A Convex Optimization-Based Coupled Nonnegative Matrix Factorization Algorithm for Hyperspectral and Multispectral Data Fusion

Lin, C-H., Ma, F., Chi, C. Y. & Hsieh, C. H., 2018 Mar 1, In : IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. 56, 3, p. 1652-1667 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Convex optimization
Data fusion
Factorization
matrix
spatial resolution
9 Citations (Scopus)

Adaptive Deep Learning-Based Air Quality Prediction Model Using the Most Relevant Spatial-Temporal Relations

Soh, P. W., Chang, J. W. & Huang, J-W., 2018 Jun 21, In : IEEE Access. 6, p. 38186-38199 14 p., 8392677.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Particulate Matter
Air quality
Neural networks
Pulmonary diseases
Meteorology

Adaptive Harmonic Injection Mechanism for Single-Switch Three-Phase DCM Boost Rectifier

Lin, R-L. & Cheng, H. I., 2018 Dec 3, 2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 6786-6789 4 p. 8558249. (2018 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Conduction
Injection
Switch
Harmonic
Switches

Adaptive On-time Control Circuit for Buck Converters

Chen, W. W. & Chen, J-F., 2018 Jan 1, Power Systems. 9789811070037 ed. Springer Verlag, p. 123-144 22 p. (Power Systems; no. 9789811070037).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Networks (circuits)
Dynamic response
Transient analysis
Electric potential
Fluidic amplifiers

Adaptive segmentation and machine learning based potential DR capacity analysis

Tang, W. J., Wu, Y. S. & Yang, H-T., 2018 Jun 8, ICHQP 2018 - 18th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power. IEEE Computer Society, p. 1-5 5 p. (Proceedings of International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power, ICHQP; vol. 2018-May).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Learning systems
Advanced metering infrastructures
Electricity
Electric potential
1 Citation (Scopus)

A digitally variable on-time controlled PFC flyback converter with primary-side regulation

Lin, H. C., Chu, W. M., Tsai, C-H. & Su, W. C., 2018 Jun 22, Proceedings - 2018 7th International Symposium on Next-Generation Electronics, ISNE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1-4 4 p. (Proceedings - 2018 7th International Symposium on Next-Generation Electronics, ISNE 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

converters
Harmonic distortion
Electric potential
output
electric potential

A Digital Multiphase Converter with Sensor-less Current and Thermal Balance Mechanism

Hu, K. Y., Chen, Y. S. & Tsai, C-H., 2018 Dec 14, 2018 IEEE Asian Solid-State Circuits Conference, A-SSCC 2018 - Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 175-178 4 p. 8579301

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Sensors
Temperature sensors
Hot Temperature
Controllers
Electric potential

A digital peak current delay compensation for primary-side regulation flyback adapter

Niou, C. P., Tsai, C-H. & Chen, T. J., 2018 Jun 5, 2018 International Symposium on VLSI Design, Automation and Test, VLSI-DAT 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1-4 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Electric current control
Error detection
Electric current measurement
Propagation
Digital Control

A Dynamic-Key Secure Scan Structure Against Scan-Based Side Channel and Memory Cold Boot Attacks

Wu, C. C., Kuo, M. H. & Lee, K-J., 2018 Dec 6, Proceedings - 2018 IEEE 27th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 48-53 6 p. 8567409. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium; vol. 2018-October).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Data storage equipment
Networks (circuits)
Observability
Controllability

A Fast and Jitter-Modulation Free Jitter Tolerance Estimation Technique for Bang-Bang CDRs

Lee, Y. L., Cheng, Y. P., Chang, S-J. & Ting, H. W., 2018 Feb 1, In : IEEE Design and Test. 35, 1, p. 63-73 11 p., 8039277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clock and data recovery circuits (CDR circuits)
Jitter
Modulation

A Fast and Scalable Cluster Simulator for Network Performance Projection of HPC Applications

Liu, C. Y., Huang, P. Y., Tu, C. & Hung, S. H., 2018 Oct 29, Proceedings - 2018 International Conference on High Performance Computing and Simulation, HPCS 2018. Zine-Dine, K. & Smari, W. W. (eds.). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 970-977 8 p. 8514458. (Proceedings - 2018 International Conference on High Performance Computing and Simulation, HPCS 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Network Performance
Network performance
Network architecture
simulators
Simulator

A fast thermal-aware fixed-outline floorplanning methodology based on analytical models

Lin, J-M., Chen, T. T., Chang, Y. F., Chang, W. Y., Shyu, Y. T., Chang, Y. J. & Lu, J. M., 2018 Nov 5, 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2018 - Digest of Technical Papers. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., a1. (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Analytical models
Temperature
Thermal effects
Integrated circuits
Hot Temperature
11 Citations (Scopus)
Operational amplifiers
Low pass filters
Electrocardiography
Metals
Harmonic distortion
3 Citations (Scopus)
Transient analysis
Capacitors
Calibration
Sensors
Electric potential
2 Citations (Scopus)

A fully integrated 16-channel closed-loop neural-prosthetic CMOS SoC with wireless power and bidirectional data telemetry for real-time efficient human epileptic seizure control

Cheng, C. H., Tsai, P. Y., Yang, T. Y., Cheng, W. H., Yen, T. Y., Luo, Z., Qian, X. H., Chen, Z. X., Lin, T. H., Chen, W. H., Chen, W. M., Liang, S-F., Shaw, F-Z., Chang, C. S., Hsin, Y. L., Lee, C. Y., Ker, M. D. & Wu, C. Y., 2018 Nov 1, In : IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits. 53, 11, p. 3314-3326 13 p., 8463542.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Telemetering
Prosthetics
Binary phase shift keying
Electric potential
Modulation

A geo-temporal mobility prediction method for cooperative time-validity-constrained content delivery in opportunistic networks

Center for Reserch of E-life DIgital Technology (CREDIT), 2018 Oct 24, In : Computer Networks. 144, p. 230-241 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mobile devices
Statistical Models

A high-performance clustering algorithm based on searched experiences

Tsai, C. W., Ding, Y. C., Liu, S. J., Chiang, M. C. & Yang, C-S., 2018 Jan 1, (Accepted/In press) In : Computers in Human Behavior.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Clustering algorithms
Cluster Analysis
Cloud computing
Electric sparks
Data mining