College of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science

Research Output 1979 2020

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Conference contribution
Conference contribution

Test compression with single-input data spreader and multiple test sessions

Chen, C. W., Kong, Y. C. & Lee, K-J., 2018 Jan 24, Proceedings - 2017 IEEE 26th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2017. IEEE Computer Society, p. 24-29 6 p. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Spreaders
Program processors
Networks (circuits)
Data compression
Integrated circuits
2 Citations (Scopus)

Test efficiency analysis and improvement of SOC test platforms

Hsieh, T. Y., Lee, K-J. & You, J. J., 2007 Dec 1, Proceedings of the 16th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2007. p. 463-466 4 p. 4388055. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Testing

Test generation for combinational iterative logic arrays

Wu, C-W., 1989 Sep, 3rd International Symposium on IC Design and Manufacturing (ISIC). Singapore, p. 223-230

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Test generation for open and delay faults in CMOS circuits

Wu, C. H., Lee, K-J. & Reddy, S. M., 2017 Nov 3, ITC-Asia 2017 - International Test Conference in Asia. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 21-26 6 p. 8097104. (ITC-Asia 2017 - International Test Conference in Asia).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Networks (circuits)
Dynamic models
Transistors
Wire
6 Citations (Scopus)

Testing and diagnosing embedded content addressable memories

Li, J. F., Tzeng, R. S. & Wu, C. W., 2002 Jan 1, Proceedings - 20th IEEE VLSI Test Symposium, VTS 2002. IEEE Computer Society, p. 389-394 6 p. 1011169. (Proceedings of the IEEE VLSI Test Symposium; vol. 2002-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Associative storage
Testing
Random access storage
Electric fault location
31 Citations (Scopus)

Testing configurable LUT-based FPGA's

Lu, S-K., Shih, J-S. & Wu, C-W., 1999 Aug, 10th VLSI Design/CAD Symposium. Nantou, p. 171-174

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

13 Citations (Scopus)

Testing embedded memories: Is BIST the ultimate solution?

Wu, C. W., 1998 Dec 1, Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium. p. 516-517 2 p. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Built-in self test
Data storage equipment
Testing
Redundancy
Screening

Testing for 3D FPGA interconnect open and short faults

Wu, C-W. & Peng, Y-L., 2009 Jul, 3rd VLSI Test Technology Workshop (VTTW). Nantou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Testing function units of dynamic reconfigurable FPGAs

Wu, C-F. & Wu, C-W., 1998 Aug, 9th VLSI Design/CAD Symposium. Nantou, p. 189-192

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Testing Interconnects of Dynamic Reconfigurable FPGAs

Wu, C-F. & Wu, C-W., 1999 Jan, IEEE Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conf. (ASP-DAC). Hong Kong, p. 279-282

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

17 Citations (Scopus)

Testing MRAM for write disturbance fault

Su, C. L., Tsai, C. W., Wu, C. W., Hung, C. C., Chen, Y. S. & Kao, M. J., 2007 Dec 1, 2006 IEEE International Test Conference, ITC. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 4079380. (Proceedings - International Test Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Random Access
Fault
Disturbance
Data storage equipment
Testing
3 Citations (Scopus)

Test integration for SOC supporting very low-cost testers

Chi, C. C., Lo, C. Y., Ko, T. W. & Wu, C. W., 2009 Dec 1, Proceedings of the 18th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2009. p. 287-292 6 p. 5359330. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Costs
Built-in self test
Bandwidth
Testing

Test integration of core-based system-on-chip supporting delay test

Wang, S-M., Lo, C-Y., Wang, C-H. & Wu, C-W., 2005 Aug, 16th VLSI Design/CAD Symposium. Hualien

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

14 Citations (Scopus)

Test scheduling and test access architecture optimization for system-on-chip

Hsu, H. S., Huang, J. R., Cheng, K. L., Wang, C. W., Huang, C. T., Wu, C. W. & Lin, Y. L., 2002 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 11th Asian Test Symposium, ATS 2002. IEEE Computer Society, p. 411-416 6 p. 1181746. (Proceedings of the Asian Test Symposium; vol. 2002-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Scheduling
Hardware
Heuristic algorithms
System-on-chip
19 Citations (Scopus)

Test Scheduling of BISTed Memory Cores for SOC

Wu, C-W., Wang, C-W. W., Huang, J-R., Lin, Y-F., Cheng, K-L., Huang, C-T. & Lin, Y-L., 2002 Nov, 11th IEEE Asian Test Symposium. Guam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Test wrapper design automation for system-on-chip

Wu, C-W., Huang, H-J., Li, J-F., Chen, J-B., Su, C-P., Wu, C-W., Cheng, C., Chen, S. -I., Hwang, C-Y. & Lin, H-P., 2001 Aug, 12th VLSI Design/CAD Symposium. Hsinchu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Text Detection in Manga by Deep Region Proposal, Classification, and Regression

Chu, W. T. & Yu, C. C., 2018 Jul 2, VCIP 2018 - IEEE International Conference on Visual Communications and Image Processing. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 8698677. (VCIP 2018 - IEEE International Conference on Visual Communications and Image Processing).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Feature extraction
2 Citations (Scopus)

Text-to-visual speech synthesis for general objects using parameter-based lip models

Chuang, Z. J. & Wu, C. H., 2002 Jan 1, Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2002 - 3rd IEEE Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Proceedings. Chen, Y-C., Chang, L-W. & Hsu, C-T. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 589-597 9 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 2532).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Speech Synthesis
Speech synthesis
Facial Animation
Animation
Synchronization

Textural complexity-based rate control algorithm

Lee, G-G., Lin, H. Y. & Wang, M. J., 2008 Oct 23, 2008 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, ICME 2008 - Proceedings. p. 1109-1112 4 p. 4607633. (2008 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, ICME 2008 - Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Controllability
2 Citations (Scopus)

Texture analysis approach for kidney boundary detection from ultrasonic images

Wu, C. H. & Sun, Y-N., 1999 Dec 1, Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings. IEEE, 1 p. (Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings; vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Medical imaging
Dynamic programming
Textures
Ultrasonics
Statistical Models

Texture compression with hierarchical palette

Yang, J. H., Kuo, C. H. & Lin, Y. K., 2016 Aug 16, Proceedings - 2016 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Multimedia Big Data, BigMM 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 266-269 4 p. 7545035. (Proceedings - 2016 IEEE 2nd International Conference on Multimedia Big Data, BigMM 2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Textures
Color

Texture detail enhancement algorithm based on perceptual approach

Tai, S-C., Chen, Z. S., Chang, Y. Y. & Tsai, T. C., 2010, NISS2010 - 4th International Conference on New Trends in Information Science and Service Science. p. 735-741 7 p. 5488519

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Enhancement
Texture
Brightness
7 Citations (Scopus)

Texture feature coding method for classification of liver sonography

Horng, M. H., Sun, Y-N. & Lin, X-Z., 1996 Jan 1, Computer Vision – ECCV 1996 - 4th European Conference on Computer Vision, Proceedings. Buxton, B. & Cipolla, R. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 209-218 10 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 1064).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ultrasonography
Texture Feature
Liver
Textures
Coding

TFT VTH detecting system for AMOLED displays

Chiu, W. C., Tsou, C. C., Chen, P. S. & Lin, C-L., 2014 Jan 1, 21st International Display Workshops 2014, IDW 2014. Society for Information Display, Vol. 2. p. 1386-1388 3 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Thin film transistors
Display devices
Zinc Oxide
Gallium
Indium
7 Citations (Scopus)

TG-based technique for NBTI degradation and leakage optimization

Lin, C. H., Lin, I-C. & Li, K. H., 2011 Sep 19, IEEE/ACM International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design, ISLPED 2011. p. 133-138 6 p. 5993625. (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Degradation
Transistors
Negative bias temperature instability
Networks (circuits)

T-gram: A time-aware language model to predict human mobility

Hsieh, H-P., Li, C-T. & Gao, X., 2015 Jan 1, Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2015. AAAI Press, p. 614-617 4 p. (Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Web and Social Media, ICWSM 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Experiments

The 3D display and analysis of the pattern of photolithography

Chen, L-S., Lay, Y. J., Lin, L. Y., Tang, J. J., Cheng, W. L. & Lin, Y. J., 2010 Dec 3, Computational Collective Intelligence: Technologies and Applications - Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Proceedings. PART 1 ed. p. 117-127 11 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 6421 LNAI, no. PART 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3D Display
Photolithography
Integrated Circuits
Integrated circuits
Display devices
12 Citations (Scopus)

The adult image identification based on online sampling

Lee, J. S., Kuo, Y. M. & Chung, P-C., 2006 Dec 1, International Joint Conference on Neural Networks 2006, IJCNN '06. p. 2566-2571 6 p. 1716441. (IEEE International Conference on Neural Networks - Conference Proceedings).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Skin
Sampling
Face recognition
Backpropagation
Learning systems
3 Citations (Scopus)

The analysis of packet loss prediction for Gilbert-model with loss rate uplink

Yang, C. S., Su, Y. C. & Lee, C. W., 2003 Jan 1, Proceedings - 23rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2003. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 526-530 5 p. 1203607. (Proceedings - 23rd International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems Workshops, ICDCSW 2003).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Packet loss
Feedback
Channel coding

The analysis of user behavior and relationship on Bulletin Board System

Chang, C. C., Chen, C. L., Lin, C. W., Huang, J-W. & Yang, C-S., 2016 Feb 12, TAAI 2015 - 2015 Conference on Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 381-387 7 p. 7407075. (TAAI 2015 - 2015 Conference on Technologies and Applications of Artificial Intelligence).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Bulletin boards
Data mining
Websites
Web crawler
1 Citation (Scopus)

The application of genetic algorithm on control of discrete multiple time- delay singularly perturbation systems

Pan, S. J. & Tsai, J. S-H., 2008 Dec 1, Proceedings - 8th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications, ISDA 2008. p. 531-536 6 p. 4696388. (Proceedings - 8th International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications, ISDA 2008; vol. 2).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

State feedback
Time delay
Genetic algorithms
Controllers
Composite materials
2 Citations (Scopus)

The application of partial discharge detector and electro-acoustic signals analysis methods for power cables monitoring

Hsieh, J. C., Tai, C-C., Su, C. C., Chen, C. Y., Sue, C. C., Chan, C. Y., Chen, J-F. & Lin, Y. H., 2012 Dec 1, Proceedings of 2012 IEEE International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, CMD 2012. p. 157-160 4 p. 6416399. (Proceedings of 2012 IEEE International Conference on Condition Monitoring and Diagnosis, CMD 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Partial discharges
Signal analysis
Cables
Acoustics
Acoustic emissions
6 Citations (Scopus)

The application of rapid prototyping for the design and manufacturing of transtibial prosthetic socket

Hsu, L. H., Huang, G. F., Lu, C. T., Lai, W-C., Chen, Y-M., Yu, I. C. & Shih, H. S., 2008, Advanced Manufacture: Focusing on New and Emerging Technologies - Selected, peer Reviewed Papers from the 2007 International Conference on Advanced Manufacture. Trans Tech Publications Ltd, Vol. 594. p. 273-280 8 p. (Materials Science Forum; vol. 594).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

rapid prototyping
Rapid prototyping
Prosthetics
manufacturing
plasters
2 Citations (Scopus)

The applications of projected capacitive array sensing in healthcare

Chang, W. Y., Chen, C. C. & Yang, C-L., 2014, 2014 IEEE International Symposium on Bioelectronics and Bioinformatics, IEEE ISBB 2014. IEEE Computer Society, 6820896

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Electrodes
Delivery of Health Care
Capacitors
Capacitance
Shielding
4 Citations (Scopus)

The approximability of the p-hub center problem with parameterized triangle inequality

Chen, L. H., Hsieh, S. Y., Hung, L. J. & Klasing, R., 2017 Jan 1, Computing and Combinatorics - 23rd International Conference, COCOON 2017, Proceedings. Cao, Y. & Chen, J. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 112-123 12 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 10392 LNCS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Center Problem
Triangle inequality
Approximability
Approximation algorithms
NP-complete problem

The assessment of chronic liver diseases by sonography

Horng, M. H., Sun, Y-N. & Lin, X-Z., 1999 Jan 1, Information Processing in Medical Imaging - 16th InternationalConference, IPMI 1999, Proceedings. Todd-Pokropek, A., Kuba, A. & Samal, M. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 424-429 6 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); vol. 1613).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ultrasonography
Liver
Ultrasonics
Morphometry
Fibrosis
1 Citation (Scopus)

The bridge edge label propagation for overlapping community detection in social networks

Chen, J. L., Hu, J. W. & Yang, C-S., 2014 Jan 1, Intelligent Data Analysis and Its Applications - the 1st Euro-China Conference on Intelligent Data Analysis and Applications, Proceeding. Snasel, V., Abraham, A., Corchado, E. S., Wang, S-L., Pan, J-S. & Pan, J-S. (eds.). Springer Verlag, p. 97-102 6 p. (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; vol. 297).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Labels

The Case of a Novel Operational Distributed Storage Service for Big Data in a Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Foundry

Chang, A. R. K., Chen, Y. L., Huang, Y. Z., Hsiao, H. C., Hsu, M., Lee, C. C., Lee, H. Y., Shih, W. A., Su, H. P., Tsai, C. P. & Tseng, K. P., 2019 Feb 19, Proceedings - 2018 IEEE 24th International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems, ICPADS 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 1028-1033 6 p. 8644546. (Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems - ICPADS; vol. 2018-December).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Foundries
Semiconductor materials
Fabrication
HTTP
Electric sparks
1 Citation (Scopus)

The Case of Big Data Platform Services for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Foundries

Chang, A. R., Chen, Y. L., Chou, P. Y., Huang, Y. Z., Hsiao, H. C., Hsieh, T. T., Hsu, M., Lee, C. C., Lee, H. Y., Shih, Y. C., Shih, W. A., Tang, C. H., Tsai, C. P. & Tseng, K. P., 2018 Nov 16, 9th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence: ICT Convergence Powered by Smart Intelligence, ICTC 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 41-45 5 p. 8539541. (9th International Conference on Information and Communication Technology Convergence: ICT Convergence Powered by Smart Intelligence, ICTC 2018).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Foundries
Semiconductor materials
Fabrication
HTTP
Distributed computer systems

The Case of Taiwan’s TFT-LCD Industry: Roadmap for a Successful Grand Alliance.

Lee, C-Y. & Ho-Chien, C., 2016, The 2016 International Symposium on Semiconductor Manufacturing Intelligence(ISMI2016). Hsinchu,Taiwan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

The challenge of commercialized crystalline silicon solar cell

Wei, M. C., Chang, S-J., Lee, C. M. & Chuang, W-K., 2008 Dec 1, Proceedings - 2008 2nd Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference, ESTC. p. 33-38 6 p. 4684319. (Proceedings - 2008 2nd Electronics Systemintegration Technology Conference, ESTC).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Silicon solar cells
Crystalline materials
Industry
Thin film solar cells

The comprehensive characteristics of quaternary AlInGaN with various TMI molar rate

Yu, S. F., Chang, S. J., Chang, S. P. & Lin, R. M., 2010 May 7, Gallium Nitride Materials and Devices V. 76020B. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 7602).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Heterostructures
Epilayers
MOCVD
quaternary alloys
Surface Morphology

The comprehensive study of liquid phase oxidation on GaAs-based transistor applications

Wang, Y. H., 2008 Dec 1, ICSICT 2008 - 2008 9th International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated-Circuit Technology Proceedings. p. 1082-1085 4 p. 4734739. (International Conference on Solid-State and Integrated Circuits Technology Proceedings, ICSICT).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Heterojunction bipolar transistors
High electron mobility transistors
Electric breakdown
Passivation
Oxides

The corpus preparation and effective feature representation of emotional speech

Huang, C. H., Tsai, C. H. & Li, B. Y., 2009 Dec 1, 2009 4th International Conference on Innovative Computing, Information and Control, ICICIC 2009. p. 128-131 4 p. 5412422. (2009 4th International Conference on Innovative Computing, Information and Control, ICICIC 2009).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Feature extraction
Experiments
Statistics
9 Citations (Scopus)

The cost effective pre-processing based NFA pattern matching architecture for NIDS

Chang, Y-K., Chang, C. R. & Su, C. C., 2010 Jul 12, 24th IEEE International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, AINA 2010. p. 385-391 7 p. 5474723. (Proceedings - International Conference on Advanced Information Networking and Applications, AINA).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Pattern matching
Intrusion detection
Throughput
Processing
Viruses

The Crossing Number of Join Product of kth Power of Path Pm with Isolated Vertices and Path Pn

Hsieh, S. Y. & Lin, C. C., 2017 Feb 16, Proceedings - 2016 International Computer Symposium, ICS 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 62-67 6 p. 7858443. (Proceedings - 2016 International Computer Symposium, ICS 2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Integrated circuit layout

The crystallization characteristics and photoluminescence properties of ZnO/Ag nanoflower arrays

Hu, Z. S., Hung, F. Y., Chang, S. J. & Chen, K. J., 2012 Nov 19, Technical Digest - 25th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference, IVNC 2012Om. p. 176-180 5 p. 6316893. (Technical Digest - 25th International Vacuum Nanoelectronics Conference, IVNC 2012).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Nanoflowers
Zinc oxide
Photoluminescence
Crystallization
Zinc
2 Citations (Scopus)

The cycle length, statistical and key sensitivity properties of a perturbed couple chaotic PRBG

Hong, S. C., Li, C. T., Chen, H. K. & Chen, C-H., 2011 Sep 23, 2011 International Conference on Multimedia Technology, ICMT 2011. p. 3268-3272 5 p. 6003042. (2011 International Conference on Multimedia Technology, ICMT 2011).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cryptography
Chaos theory
Degradation

The deployment algorithm based on cutting a triangle for wireless sensor networks

Shiu, L. C., Lee, C. Y. & Yang, C-S., 2010 Jul 15, 2010 International Conference on Information Science and Applications, ICISA 2010. 5480579. (2010 International Conference on Information Science and Applications, ICISA 2010).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wireless sensor networks
Sensors

The deployment of shared data objects among handheld and wearable devices

Cheng, S. W., Chang, C. W., Chang, Y. H., Hsiu, P. C. & Tu, C. H., 2015 Apr 13, 2015 Symposium on Applied Computing, SAC 2015. Shin, D. (ed.). Association for Computing Machinery, p. 2245-2251 7 p. (Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Computing; vol. 13-17-April-2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Data storage equipment
Mobile devices
Accessories
Approximation algorithms
Data communication systems