A Study on the Interactions between Tainan City and Its Surrounding Settlements during Japanese Colonial Period-Exemplified by Shan-Hua Street and Guan-Miao Village (1920-1945)

Project: Research project

Project Details


In 2010 the former Tainan City and Tainan County were merged and upgraded to a municipality. In terms of urban space, this event not only expanded the area of the administrative region but also jointly put the original Tainan City and its surrounding settlements which developed in the early period of Taiwan into a closer governance structure. Recalling the relevant settlement researches, more emphases were placed in the interior space of settlements. Such a view particularly concerned about the city itself or the city center does not fit today’s Tainan. This study attempts to explore the relationship between Tainan City and its surrounding street/village (Shan-hua Street and Guan-miao Village) during the Japanese colonial period, showing Tainan City as a space composed of multiple settlements and the new cognitive architecture of urban space in Tainan City. This study will take two years to research and investigate the spatial, social and economic relations between Tainan City and Shanhua Street/ Guanmiao Village during the Japanese colonial period. Broadly speaking, completed in 1908, the Longitudinal Railway running through north to south integrated the settlements of western Taiwan into the same range of regional trade on the island; its line to the Shanhua Street and Tainan City was no exception. The infrastructure of the port and canal in Tainan in 1920 provided Tainan City functions of remote trade off the island. Thus, the so-called designated roads in the 1930s gradually replaced the light railway and linked the Tainan City and the surrounding villages in a more efficient way. The east-west oriented Tainan-Guanmiao Road in particular was an important route that connected to Guanmiao Village, the collection and distribution spot of mountain produce, and Tainan City and Anping Port together. The above history of traffic routes initially reflects the socio-economic relations of the city and surrounding villages in one body. By regarding multiple settlements as a whole body with consistent logic within its space changes and the socio-economic relations, the relationship between urban space and the economic activities of different natures can also be shown. Along this context, this study intends by means of relevant maps, statistics, various literatures, and field interviewers to clarify three themes, “the performance of transportation and trade of Tainan City and other Cities ”, “the local financial mechanism”, and “the urban spatial transformations affected by the socio-economic relation between city and street/village”. By analyzing the relation of settlements, this research would establish a multi-settlement discourse to be a new spatial cognitive framework of Tainan City.
Effective start/end date13-08-0114-07-31


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