Objectives: The purpose of the study is to investigate the prevalence and corresponding risk factors of different types of school violence of Junior high schools in Tainan. Methods: The study was undertaken in two stages. First, a qualitative focus group was conducted to develop a structured questionnaire of school violence. Second, a sample of subjects was randomly selected from junior high school students in Tainan, and their responses on the questionnaire were collected. Results: Twenty types of school violence were identified and were divided into three categories, severe, less severe, and mild. Resulted showed that 13.2%, 47,9% and 61.0% of respondents claimed that they had involved at least one type of severe, less severe or mild school violence in the past year, respectively. The proportions of violence involvement in male students outweighed in female students regardless of the severity of violence. Logistic regression demonstrated that risk factors at personal category, (including smoking, alcohol drinking, gang joining, positive attitude toward violence, and anger trait), familial category, (including mother's monitoring and father's corporal punishment), school category, (including relationship between teachers and students), and social environmental category, - (including violence witness and being victimized in the past) were significantly associated with the involvement of school violence in these subjects. It was, especially, of interest to notice that smoking, alcohol drinking, and gang joining was significantly associated with the severity of violence. Suggestion: Comparing to foreign countries, different types of school violence were found in this study. Different risk factors were also found to be related to different categories of school violence. Thus, in view of preventing school violence, this study suggests that various risk factors linking to the categories of violence should be taken into account.
|Translated title of the contribution||Prevalence and Risk Factors of School Violence: a Survey from Junior High School Students in Tainan|
|Original language||Chinese (Traditional)|
|Publication status||Published - 2001 Jun 1|