臺灣南部某一社區男性老人跌倒盛行率及相關因子之研究

Translated title of the contribution: The Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Falls by Elderly Rural Males

林 怡貝, 張 秦松(Chin-Sung Chang), 張 軒睿, 邱 郁婷(Yu-Ting Chiu), 張 嘉凌, 陳 全裕(Chuan-Yu Chen), 張 尹凡(Yin-Fan Chang), 吳 至行(Chih-Hsing Wu)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: To determine the prevalence of and risk factors for falls among elderly rural males and to provide suggestions for the prevention of falls. Methods: Subjects were recruited from 1033 elderly people aged 65 years and older in Tianliao District, Kaohsiung City during July 12 to 29, 2009. Of these, 414 residents (60.8%) responded. Each subject was interviewed face-to-face by well-trained interviewers who completed the structure questionnaire. Data from one subject were incomplete, so 413 subjects were entered into the analysis. There was no significant difference (p>0.05) in average age between the 413 responders (average age: 74.6±6.2) and the 620 non-responders (average age: 74.9±6.5). Results: Of the 413 men, 78 (18.9%) had fallen in the preceding year for a total of 167 separate incidents. Of the 167 falls, 62.3% were outdoors: 26.8% in farmland and 21.5% on sidewalks. Indoors, falls were mostly in courtyards (16.7%) and on stairs (13.3%). Univariate analyses showed that significant risk factors were age (p=0.016), the habit of drinking coffee (p=0.036), self-perceived health status, a history of diabetes mellitus (p=0.013) and a history of previous surgery (p=0.017). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the experience of surgery and a history of diabetes mellitus were positively associated with the risk of falling and age and self-perceived health status were negatively associated with that risk. Conclusions: This study showed that the prevalence of falls among elderly rural males was 18.9%. Being younger, having worse self-perceived health status, a history of diabetes mellitus and a history of previous surgery were independent risk factors associated with falls.
Translated title of the contributionThe Prevalence of and Factors Associated with Falls by Elderly Rural Males
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Journal臺灣家庭醫學雜誌 = Taiwan Journal of Family Medicine
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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