魯凱族的道德經濟:社會組織、傳統農耕與災害應對

Translated title of the contribution: The Moral Economy of Rukai Society: Social Organization, Traditional Agriculture, and Natural Hazards Prevention

巴 清雄(Qing-xiong Ba), 台邦 撒沙勒(Sasala Taiban), 王 宏仁(Hong-zen Wang)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper explores how agricultural practices in Rukai society are embedded in its social cultural institutions, which constitute a part of Rukai's moral economy. The data were mainly collected by the first author and include formal interviews with 19 Rukai elders, field observations, and participation in farming from 2015 to 2017. The research findings indicate that the most important principle of Rukai's moral economy is "risk minimization." Agricultural practices of mixed plantation, shifting cultivation, and not harvesting specific crops are used to minimize the risk of soil exhaustion, insect pests, and damage from other natural disaster. Socio-culturally, the principle of risk minimization is invoked in the redistribution of resources from talyalai (chiefs or nobles) to common people and reciprocity among the people, both of which minimize the subsistence risk of the poorest people and reduce the impact of natural hazards.
Translated title of the contributionThe Moral Economy of Rukai Society: Social Organization, Traditional Agriculture, and Natural Hazards Prevention
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)451-490
Number of pages40
Journal人文及社會科學集刊 = Journal of Social Sciences and Philosophy
Volume33
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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