A retrospective analysis of emergency ambulance transports in the EMS-Tainan was made to evaluate the utilization of emergency medical system by the elderly and to determine the factors that may influence these transports. The study group consisted of 4,090 emergency ambulance transports from 1/1/1195 to 30/4/1995. 1,017 patients (24%) were aged over 65. The main characteristics of these elderly patients were as follows: more non-trauma cases, higher severity of triage, and longer total transport time (23.0 +/- 0.5 vs. 18.9 +/- 0.2 minutes) were noted. In addition, 136 (13.4%) of the elderly patients were not received by the EMS network hospital. The most important factors that affect the total transport time in the elderly group were triage classification and trauma, which determined that speed of transport. In the elderly group, female patients tend to be older, of more severe triage classification, more nontrauma-related, have longer total transport time, and have less access to the EMS than male patient. Based on these results, we recommended make efficient transport in order to provide better emergency care for the elderly. A network linking the elder users with EMS dispatch center should improve the efficiency in fulfilling the EMS calls, and further investigation about the value of such a network is warranted. It is also important to establish a competent and countrywide database for EMS users and to pursue ongoing planning in order to evaluate and investigate the needs of EMS for elderly patients in the future.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||The Kaohsiung journal of medical sciences|
|Publication status||Published - 1996 Dec|
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