1.3-μm InGaAsP planar buried heterostructure laser diodes with AlInAs electron stopper layer

Chia Lung Tsai, Chih Ta Yen, Cheng Yi Chou, S. J. Chang, Meng Chyi Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study reports on the realization of 1.3-μm InGaAsP buried-heterostructure (BH) laser diodes (LDs) via an Fe-doped semi-insulating InP layer and an AlInAs electron stopper layer (ESL). Experimentally, the as-cleaved BH LD with an AlInAs ESL exhibited improved characteristics in terms of threshold current, slope efficiency, and maximum light output power at 90 °C as compared to those of the normal BH LD without an AlInAs ESL. In addition, high internal quantum efficiency or reduced threshold current density was observed, indicating increased modal gain in BH LDs fabricated with an AlInAs epilayer on top of the active region. It was also found that the temperature sensitivity of the BH LDs with an AlInAs ESL is more stable than that of the normal BH LDs. These results could be attributed to the suppression of thermal carrier leakage out of strain-compensated multiple-quantum-well by a large conduction-band offset of the AlInAs/InGaAsP heterojunction. Otherwise, without consideration of damping factor or coupling loss, the 3-dB bandwidth of the proposed BH LDs reaches a high value of 15.3 GHz. Finally, this TO-can packaged BH LD shows an eye-opening feature with the extinction ratio of 7.49 dB while operating at 10 Gbit/s at 50 mA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1026-1030
Number of pages5
JournalOptics and Laser Technology
Volume44
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1

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Semiconductor lasers
Heterojunctions
semiconductor lasers
Electrons
electrons
threshold currents
Threshold current density
Epilayers
Conduction bands
Quantum efficiency
heterojunctions
quantum efficiency
conduction bands
Semiconductor quantum wells
extinction
leakage
damping
retarding
quantum wells
current density

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Tsai, Chia Lung ; Yen, Chih Ta ; Chou, Cheng Yi ; Chang, S. J. ; Wu, Meng Chyi. / 1.3-μm InGaAsP planar buried heterostructure laser diodes with AlInAs electron stopper layer. In: Optics and Laser Technology. 2012 ; Vol. 44, No. 4. pp. 1026-1030.
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1.3-μm InGaAsP planar buried heterostructure laser diodes with AlInAs electron stopper layer. / Tsai, Chia Lung; Yen, Chih Ta; Chou, Cheng Yi; Chang, S. J.; Wu, Meng Chyi.

In: Optics and Laser Technology, Vol. 44, No. 4, 01.06.2012, p. 1026-1030.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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