The metabolism of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR), a potential second messenger of Ca2 signaling, is mediated by NAD glycohydrolases (NADases) containing ADPR cyclase and cADPR hydrolase activities. Many NADases use both NAD and NADP as substrates, raising the possibility that they may also catalyze the formation of a cyclic nucleotide from NADP. We report here that Aplysia ADPR cyclase, an enzyme with strong sequence homology to several mammalian NADases, efficiently catalyzes the conversion of NADP to 2'phospho-cyclic ADP-ribose (2'PcADPR). The structure of 2'P-cADPR was determined by spectral and enzymatic methods. A canine spleen NADase that synthesizes cADPR from NAD and hydrolyzes it to ADPR also utilizes NADP and 2'P-cADPR as substrates. The enzyme showed a kinetic preference for NADP over NAD with a ratio of kcal/Km for NADP 12-fold greater than that for NAD, suggesting that the conversion of NADP to 2'P-cADPR is likely to occur in mammalian systems. Similar to cADPR, 2'P-cADPR was active in eliciting Ca2+ release from rat brain microsomes. The mechanism of Ca2 release by 2'P-cADPR was different from that of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IPs) as microsomes desensitized to one agent still responded to the other. Also, the action of IPj was virtually abolished by the presence of heparin while the activity of 2'P-cADPR was unaffected. Both 2'P-cADPR and cADPR appeared to act by a similar mechanism based on similar kinetics of Ca2 release, similar dose-response curves, cross-desensitization of Ca2 release, and partial inhibition by procaine. The results of this study indicate that 2'P-cADPR may function as a link between NADP metabolism and Ca2 homeostasis. Supported in part by NIH grant CA43894.
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology