3-D numerical and experimental analysis for airflow within a passenger compartment

C. H. Chien, Jiin-Yuh Jang, Y. H. Chen, S. C. Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


People use cars so frequently that they always consider the air-conditioning, and thermal comfort of the driver and passenger when buying a new car. Therefore accurate simulation of the thermal performance of automobile air conditioners to improve human comfort has become increasingly important. In order to improve the thermal comfort of passengers, 3-D flow motion and thermal behavior within vehicles must be analyzed. In this paper, a numerical simulation was used to investigate thermal behavior in a vehicle. Because air temperature at an air vent is related to the cooling capacity of the air conditioner, the cooling capacity was calculated using ε-NTU (effective number of transfer unit) theoretical equations. Using the air temperature relationship between inlet and outlet vents as boundary conditions, a 3-D unsteady κ-ε turbulent model was used to give a transient analysis simulation of the temperature field and flow conditions in a vehicle's passenger cabin. Cooling cycle analysis and conjugate heat transfer analysis at the inside surface of the cabin's ceiling, floor and sides were also considered. The predicted temperature distributions in the vehicles passenger cabin were in good agreement with those obtained experimentally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437-445
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering


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