Numerical and experimental analyses were carried out to study thermal-hydraulic characteristics of air flow inside a circular tube with different tube inserts. Three kinds of tube inserts, including longitudinal strip inserts (both with and without holes) and twisted-tape inserts with three different twisted angles (α = 15.3°, 24.4° and 34.3°) have been investigated for different inlet frontal velocity ranging from 3 to 18 m/s. Numerical simulation was performed by a 3D turbulence analysis of the heat transfer and fluid flow. Conjugate convective heat transfer in the flow field and heat conduction in the tube inserts are considered also. The experiments were conducted in a shell and tube exchanger with overall counterflow arrangement. The working fluid in the tube side was cold air, while the hot Dowtherm fluid was on the shell side. To obtain the heat transfer characteristics of the test section from the experimental data, the ε-NTU (effectiveness-number of transfer unit) method is applied to determine the overall conductance (UA product) in the analysis. It was found that the heat transfer coefficient and the pressure drop in the tubes with the longitudinal strip inserts (without hole) were 7-16% and 100-170% greater than those of plain tubes without inserts. When the longitudinal strip inserts with holes were used, the heat transfer coefficient and the pressure drop were 13-28% and 140-220%, respectively, higher than those of plain tubes. The heat transfer coefficient and the pressure drop of the tubes with twisted-tape inserts were 13-61% and 150-370%, respectively, higher than those of plain tubes. Furthermore, it was found that the reduction ratio in the heat transfer area of the tube of approximately 18-28% may be obtained if the twisted-tape tube inserts are used.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Applied Thermal Engineering|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Feb 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering