3D Printing of Ceramics with Controllable Green-Body Configuration Assisted by the Polyvinyl Alcohol-Based Physical Gels

Jyun Yi Chen, Tzu Hsuan Lo, Chaio Feng, Po Cheng Lai, Jian Long Ruan, Chun Te Wu, Sheng Sheng Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Additive manufacturing of ceramics has received intense attention. In particular, 3D-printed ceramics with customized shapes are highly desirable in the chemical industry, aerospace, and biomedical engineering. Nevertheless, developing a simple and cost-effective process that shapes dense ceramics to complex geometries remains challenging because of the high hardness and low ductility of ceramic materials. Extrusion-based printing, such as direct ink writing (DIW), often requires supporting materials that pose additional difficulties during printing. Herein, a simple approach is developed to produce stretchable ceramic green bodies of zirconia and alumina for DIW. The ink is composed of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and an aqueous suspension of ceramic powders. Besides the colloidal network formed by the ceramic particles, PVA plays an important role in tuning the printability of the aqueous ink. Through a freeze-thaw process, PVA crystallizes to form physical networks. This strategy provides highly stretchable hydrogel green bodies that can be reprogrammed to complex geometries difficult for common DIW printing. The subsequent drying, debinding, and sintering processes produce ceramics with dense structures and fine mechanical properties. In short, this work demonstrates an efficient method for the DIW of ceramic parts that can be reprogrammed to complex geometries.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300445
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Volume25
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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