A 3D ellipsoid-based model for packing of granular particles

Y. Lee, C. T. Yang, C. S. Chien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a computer model that can simulate the packing process and estimate the maximum density of granular material. We use three-dimensional ellipsoids as a surrogate to simulate natural particles. The model first fills the ellipsoids into a container, then adjusts them to reach a higher density. A special process is derived to prevent deadlocking as the particles move downward. We develop algorithms to test for contacts between a given ellipsoid and a container wall or another ellipsoid. A sampling process was used to determine the average density of the packed material. This process is simple and can be used to estimate the average density at any part of the container. We verify the effectiveness of the model by testing it against analytical results for a special case, and also with particle distribution derived from a real-life standard sand. Both results are very promising.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-155
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Computer Applications in Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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