A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power and low-LO-power sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with merged self-biased trans-impedance amplifier in 90-nm CMOS

Chih Han Chi, Cheng Chang Chou, Tzuen-Hsi Huang, Huey-Ru Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power single-ended sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with a merged structure fabricated in 90-nm CMOS process with triple-well NMOS devices is presented. The mixer core is merged directly with self-biased trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to omit its traditional load stage and to enhance the conversion gain. By using weak-inversion bias technique in a source-driven topology, the mixer core only needs quiescent current of μA which can be supported from TIA via the feedback resistor. The sub-harmonic mixers can work effectively for millimeter wave (MMW) system by employing local oscillator (LO) frequency that is only half of the fundamental mixer. When operating with the optimal low LO power of −3.5 dBm at 30 GHz, the mixer exhibits a maximum conversion gain (CG) of 6.4 dB and 2 LO-to-RF isolation higher than 46.5 dB from 45 to 64 GHz. The total power consumption is 1 mW at 0.8 V. The calculated figure of merits (FOM) with the consideration of CG and power consumption is excellent among the reported mixers operating at V-band in CMOS process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2397-2401
Number of pages5
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Volume59
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

Fingerprint

CMOS
Electric power utilization
amplifiers
oscillators
impedance
harmonics
Mixer circuits
Millimeter waves
Resistors
Topology
Feedback
extremely high frequencies
figure of merit
resistors
millimeter waves
isolation
topology
inversions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{81cfb3e19a1e4b3e82136a615e8a857d,
title = "A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power and low-LO-power sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with merged self-biased trans-impedance amplifier in 90-nm CMOS",
abstract = "A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power single-ended sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with a merged structure fabricated in 90-nm CMOS process with triple-well NMOS devices is presented. The mixer core is merged directly with self-biased trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to omit its traditional load stage and to enhance the conversion gain. By using weak-inversion bias technique in a source-driven topology, the mixer core only needs quiescent current of μA which can be supported from TIA via the feedback resistor. The sub-harmonic mixers can work effectively for millimeter wave (MMW) system by employing local oscillator (LO) frequency that is only half of the fundamental mixer. When operating with the optimal low LO power of −3.5 dBm at 30 GHz, the mixer exhibits a maximum conversion gain (CG) of 6.4 dB and 2 LO-to-RF isolation higher than 46.5 dB from 45 to 64 GHz. The total power consumption is 1 mW at 0.8 V. The calculated figure of merits (FOM) with the consideration of CG and power consumption is excellent among the reported mixers operating at V-band in CMOS process.",
author = "Chi, {Chih Han} and Chou, {Cheng Chang} and Tzuen-Hsi Huang and Huey-Ru Chuang",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/mop.30739",
language = "English",
volume = "59",
pages = "2397--2401",
journal = "Microwave and Optical Technology Letters",
issn = "0895-2477",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power and low-LO-power sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with merged self-biased trans-impedance amplifier in 90-nm CMOS

AU - Chi, Chih Han

AU - Chou, Cheng Chang

AU - Huang, Tzuen-Hsi

AU - Chuang, Huey-Ru

PY - 2017/9/1

Y1 - 2017/9/1

N2 - A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power single-ended sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with a merged structure fabricated in 90-nm CMOS process with triple-well NMOS devices is presented. The mixer core is merged directly with self-biased trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to omit its traditional load stage and to enhance the conversion gain. By using weak-inversion bias technique in a source-driven topology, the mixer core only needs quiescent current of μA which can be supported from TIA via the feedback resistor. The sub-harmonic mixers can work effectively for millimeter wave (MMW) system by employing local oscillator (LO) frequency that is only half of the fundamental mixer. When operating with the optimal low LO power of −3.5 dBm at 30 GHz, the mixer exhibits a maximum conversion gain (CG) of 6.4 dB and 2 LO-to-RF isolation higher than 46.5 dB from 45 to 64 GHz. The total power consumption is 1 mW at 0.8 V. The calculated figure of merits (FOM) with the consideration of CG and power consumption is excellent among the reported mixers operating at V-band in CMOS process.

AB - A 45- to 64-GHz ultra-low-power single-ended sub-harmonic down-conversion mixer with a merged structure fabricated in 90-nm CMOS process with triple-well NMOS devices is presented. The mixer core is merged directly with self-biased trans-impedance amplifier (TIA) to omit its traditional load stage and to enhance the conversion gain. By using weak-inversion bias technique in a source-driven topology, the mixer core only needs quiescent current of μA which can be supported from TIA via the feedback resistor. The sub-harmonic mixers can work effectively for millimeter wave (MMW) system by employing local oscillator (LO) frequency that is only half of the fundamental mixer. When operating with the optimal low LO power of −3.5 dBm at 30 GHz, the mixer exhibits a maximum conversion gain (CG) of 6.4 dB and 2 LO-to-RF isolation higher than 46.5 dB from 45 to 64 GHz. The total power consumption is 1 mW at 0.8 V. The calculated figure of merits (FOM) with the consideration of CG and power consumption is excellent among the reported mixers operating at V-band in CMOS process.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85021312384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85021312384&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/mop.30739

DO - 10.1002/mop.30739

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85021312384

VL - 59

SP - 2397

EP - 2401

JO - Microwave and Optical Technology Letters

JF - Microwave and Optical Technology Letters

SN - 0895-2477

IS - 9

ER -