The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and safety profile of a new technique for ultrasonographically assisted percutaneous carpal tunnel release. Experiments were performed on 40 hands in 20 cadavers. We first performed a detailed ultrasonographic examination and correlation study that included surgical dissection of the transverse carpal ligament, the related neurovascular structures and the bony landmarks of the radiocarpal, midcarpal and carpometacarpal joints of the right hand. We then used the measurements we made for percutaneous carpal tunnel release of the transverse carpal ligament using intra-operative ultrasonography for guidance and a hook knife on the left-hand side. The completeness of the release and the potential risks of injury to the flexor tendon and neurovascular bundles were examined. Using real-time intra-operative ultrasonographic monitoring to clearly delineate these targets, we were able to percutaneously release the transverse carpal ligament completely in 18 (90%) of the 20 hands and partially release it in 2 without injuring any neurovascular bundles. We then performed the procedure on 91 consecutive cases of carpal tunnel syndrome and found that the sensory disturbances disappeared in 100% patients 12 mo post-operatively; only 2 hands were graded as unsatisfactory. There were no intra- or post-operative complications. Based on the results from the cadaveric studies and our successful preliminary clinical outcomes, we conclude that this method is tolerable and that its clinical application can be encouraged.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics