A cell-based systems biology assessment of human blood to monitor immune responses after influenza vaccination

Kristen L. Hoek, Parimal Samir, Leigh M. Howard, Xinnan Niu, Nripesh Prasad, Allison Galassie, Qi Liu, Tara M. Allos, Kyle A. Floyd, Yan Guo, Yu Shyr, Shawn E. Levy, Sebastian Joyce, Kathryn M. Edwards, Andrew J. Link

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Systems biology is an approach to comprehensively study complex interactions within a biological system. Most published systems vaccinology studies have utilized whole blood or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to monitor the immune response after vaccination. Because human blood is comprised of multiple hematopoietic cell types, the potential for masking responses of under-represented cell populations is increased when analyzing whole blood or PBMC. To investigate the contribution of individual cell types to the immune response after vaccination, we established a rapid and efficient method to purify human T and B cells, natural killer (NK) cells, myeloid dendritic cells (mDC), monocytes, and neutrophils from fresh venous blood. Purified cells were fractionated and processed in a single day. RNA-Seq and quantitative shotgun proteomics were performed to determine expression profiles for each cell type prior to and after inactivated seasonal influenza vaccination. Our results show that transcriptomic and proteomic profiles generated from purified immune cells differ significantly from PBMC. Differential expression analysis for each immune cell type also shows unique transcriptomic and proteomic expression profiles as well as changing biological networks at early time points after vaccination. This cell type-specific information provides a more comprehensive approach to monitor vaccine responses.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0118528
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A cell-based systems biology assessment of human blood to monitor immune responses after influenza vaccination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this