A CFD parametric study on the performance of a low-temperature-differential γ-type Stirling engine

Wen-Lih Chen, Yu Ching Yang, Jose Leon Salazar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An in-house CFD code has been applied to a low-temperature-differential (LTD) γ-type Stirling engine to understand the effects posed by several geometrical and operational parameters on engine performance. The results include variations of pressure, temperature, and heat transfer rates within an engine cycle as well as variations of engine's power and efficiency versus these parameters. It is found that power piston stroke and radius influence engine performance very similarly, and power and efficiency both increase as these two parameters increase. In fact, the effects of the two parameters can be assimilated into those by the parameter of compression ratio. The stroke of displacer is observed to affect strongly on heat input but weakly on power, thus causing the efficiency to decrease as it increases. As expected, both power and efficiency increase as temperature difference between the hot and cold ends increases. Lastly, engine speed is observed to pose strong positive effects on power but exert weak effects on efficiency. This study reveals the effects produced by several important parameters on engine performance, and such information is very useful for the design of new LTD Stirling engines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-643
Number of pages9
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume106
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Dec 1

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Stirling engines
Computational fluid dynamics
Engines
Temperature
Pistons
Heat transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "An in-house CFD code has been applied to a low-temperature-differential (LTD) γ-type Stirling engine to understand the effects posed by several geometrical and operational parameters on engine performance. The results include variations of pressure, temperature, and heat transfer rates within an engine cycle as well as variations of engine's power and efficiency versus these parameters. It is found that power piston stroke and radius influence engine performance very similarly, and power and efficiency both increase as these two parameters increase. In fact, the effects of the two parameters can be assimilated into those by the parameter of compression ratio. The stroke of displacer is observed to affect strongly on heat input but weakly on power, thus causing the efficiency to decrease as it increases. As expected, both power and efficiency increase as temperature difference between the hot and cold ends increases. Lastly, engine speed is observed to pose strong positive effects on power but exert weak effects on efficiency. This study reveals the effects produced by several important parameters on engine performance, and such information is very useful for the design of new LTD Stirling engines.",
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A CFD parametric study on the performance of a low-temperature-differential γ-type Stirling engine. / Chen, Wen-Lih; Yang, Yu Ching; Salazar, Jose Leon.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 106, 01.12.2015, p. 635-643.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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