A CFD study on the performance of a passive ocean plastic collector under rough sea conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study, a commercial CFD code, STARCCM+, is used to analyze the performance of a passive ocean plastic collector under rough sea conditions. The CFD code was first validated by comparing with data from a scaled model experiment conducted in the towing water tank in National Cheng Kung University, and it was proven to return accurate catch rate. Then thirty-eight test cases were setup to investigate the effects of four different parameters, namely, ocean current speed, wave height, wave length, and plastic density, on the plastic collector's catch rate, which is the percentage of incoming plastic debris intercepted by the plastic collector. It was found that the parameters of wave length and plastic density posed very little effect on catch rate. In contrast, the effects of the other two parameters were significant. Two important thresholds were found, and they were ocean current speed of 2.5 ms−1 and wave height of 0.4 m. The catch rate remained at high level until these thresholds were reached. The information found in this study is invaluable for the design of a practical passive ocean plastic collector.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106243
JournalOcean Engineering
Volume188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sep 15

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Computational fluid dynamics
Plastics
Ocean currents
Wavelength
Water tanks
Debris
Experiments

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering

Cite this

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A CFD study on the performance of a passive ocean plastic collector under rough sea conditions. / Shaw, Heiu Jou; Chen, Wen Lih; Li, Yueh Heng.

In: Ocean Engineering, Vol. 188, 106243, 15.09.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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