A comparison of the dynamic shear properties and fracture behaviour of continuous and pulsed current plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel

Woei-Shyan Lee, C. Y. Liu, C. F. Lin, M. H. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The dynamic shear behaviour and fracture characteristics of continuous current (CC) and pulsed current (PC) plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel are studied and compared by means of torsional split-Hopkinson bar and SEM metallographic techniques under strain rates ranging from 9×10 2 s -1 to 3.3×10 3 s -1 at room temperature (25 ° C). Results show increasing strain rates increase flow stress, fracture strain and work hardening rate of 304L weldments. For all tested strain rates, strain rate sensitivity increases as work hardening stress increases, but activation volume decreases. Shear stress and strain rate sensitivity of PC weldments are all higher than CC weldments at the same strain rate, but activation volume is lower. SEM fracture surfaces are found to contain fusion zone dimples, heat affected zone dimples and smooth shallow dimples. With increasing strain rate, FZ and HAZ dimple density and depth increase while smooth shallow dimples decrease, in all cases more significantly in PC weldments than in CC weldments. Constitutive equations for both weldments are proposed and successfully describe the dependence of dynamic shear properties on applied strain rate. The significantly superior performance of the PC weldments under high strain rate conditions should be taken into consideration when designing structural elements containing 304L SS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-86
Number of pages6
JournalJournal De Physique. IV : JP
Volume110
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1
EventEurodymat 2003: 7th International Conference on Mechanical and Physical Behaviour of Materials under Dynamic Loading - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 2003 Sep 82003 Sep 12

Fingerprint

shear properties
Stainless Steel
plasma jets
strain rate
Strain rate
stainless steels
Stainless steel
Plasmas
Strain hardening
heat affected zone
work hardening
Chemical activation
activation
Scanning electron microscopy
scanning electron microscopy
strain hardening
Shear strain
constitutive equations
Heat affected zone
Constitutive equations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

@article{1369f30788094dc48bb49e96b23dde30,
title = "A comparison of the dynamic shear properties and fracture behaviour of continuous and pulsed current plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel",
abstract = "The dynamic shear behaviour and fracture characteristics of continuous current (CC) and pulsed current (PC) plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel are studied and compared by means of torsional split-Hopkinson bar and SEM metallographic techniques under strain rates ranging from 9×10 2 s -1 to 3.3×10 3 s -1 at room temperature (25 ° C). Results show increasing strain rates increase flow stress, fracture strain and work hardening rate of 304L weldments. For all tested strain rates, strain rate sensitivity increases as work hardening stress increases, but activation volume decreases. Shear stress and strain rate sensitivity of PC weldments are all higher than CC weldments at the same strain rate, but activation volume is lower. SEM fracture surfaces are found to contain fusion zone dimples, heat affected zone dimples and smooth shallow dimples. With increasing strain rate, FZ and HAZ dimple density and depth increase while smooth shallow dimples decrease, in all cases more significantly in PC weldments than in CC weldments. Constitutive equations for both weldments are proposed and successfully describe the dependence of dynamic shear properties on applied strain rate. The significantly superior performance of the PC weldments under high strain rate conditions should be taken into consideration when designing structural elements containing 304L SS.",
author = "Woei-Shyan Lee and Liu, {C. Y.} and Lin, {C. F.} and Chiang, {M. H.}",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1051/jp4:20020674",
language = "English",
volume = "110",
pages = "81--86",
journal = "European Physical Journal: Special Topics",
issn = "1951-6355",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",

}

A comparison of the dynamic shear properties and fracture behaviour of continuous and pulsed current plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel. / Lee, Woei-Shyan; Liu, C. Y.; Lin, C. F.; Chiang, M. H.

In: Journal De Physique. IV : JP, Vol. 110, 01.01.2003, p. 81-86.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comparison of the dynamic shear properties and fracture behaviour of continuous and pulsed current plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel

AU - Lee, Woei-Shyan

AU - Liu, C. Y.

AU - Lin, C. F.

AU - Chiang, M. H.

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - The dynamic shear behaviour and fracture characteristics of continuous current (CC) and pulsed current (PC) plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel are studied and compared by means of torsional split-Hopkinson bar and SEM metallographic techniques under strain rates ranging from 9×10 2 s -1 to 3.3×10 3 s -1 at room temperature (25 ° C). Results show increasing strain rates increase flow stress, fracture strain and work hardening rate of 304L weldments. For all tested strain rates, strain rate sensitivity increases as work hardening stress increases, but activation volume decreases. Shear stress and strain rate sensitivity of PC weldments are all higher than CC weldments at the same strain rate, but activation volume is lower. SEM fracture surfaces are found to contain fusion zone dimples, heat affected zone dimples and smooth shallow dimples. With increasing strain rate, FZ and HAZ dimple density and depth increase while smooth shallow dimples decrease, in all cases more significantly in PC weldments than in CC weldments. Constitutive equations for both weldments are proposed and successfully describe the dependence of dynamic shear properties on applied strain rate. The significantly superior performance of the PC weldments under high strain rate conditions should be taken into consideration when designing structural elements containing 304L SS.

AB - The dynamic shear behaviour and fracture characteristics of continuous current (CC) and pulsed current (PC) plasma arc weldments of 304L stainless steel are studied and compared by means of torsional split-Hopkinson bar and SEM metallographic techniques under strain rates ranging from 9×10 2 s -1 to 3.3×10 3 s -1 at room temperature (25 ° C). Results show increasing strain rates increase flow stress, fracture strain and work hardening rate of 304L weldments. For all tested strain rates, strain rate sensitivity increases as work hardening stress increases, but activation volume decreases. Shear stress and strain rate sensitivity of PC weldments are all higher than CC weldments at the same strain rate, but activation volume is lower. SEM fracture surfaces are found to contain fusion zone dimples, heat affected zone dimples and smooth shallow dimples. With increasing strain rate, FZ and HAZ dimple density and depth increase while smooth shallow dimples decrease, in all cases more significantly in PC weldments than in CC weldments. Constitutive equations for both weldments are proposed and successfully describe the dependence of dynamic shear properties on applied strain rate. The significantly superior performance of the PC weldments under high strain rate conditions should be taken into consideration when designing structural elements containing 304L SS.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0242495837&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0242495837&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1051/jp4:20020674

DO - 10.1051/jp4:20020674

M3 - Conference article

VL - 110

SP - 81

EP - 86

JO - European Physical Journal: Special Topics

JF - European Physical Journal: Special Topics

SN - 1951-6355

ER -