This paper proposes a comprehensive hybrid transient CFD-thermal resistance model to predict the dynamic behaviour of an automobile thermoelectric generator (ATEG) system. The model takes into account the temperature dependences, the topological connection of thermoelectric modules, and the dynamic characteristics, which has the merits of high accuracy and short computational time. The dynamic behaviour of the ATEG system is determined and thoroughly examined using the transient exhaust heat as the heat source input. According to the transient model results, the dynamic output power of the ATEG system keeps the same variation trend with the exhaust temperature, but the variation of output power is more stable. Under the whole driving cycle, the mean power and efficiency of the 1/4 ATEG system are 8.91 W and 3.39% respectively, which are 3.39% lower and 47.52% higher than those expected by steady-state analysis. Beside, the model is validated experimentally, and the mean deviations of the output voltage and outlet air temperature are 7.70% and 1.12% respectively. This model is convenient to evaluate the behaviour of the ATEG system under different topological connections and gives a fresh tool for assessing the dynamic behaviour of ATEG systems.
|International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
|Published - 2023 Sept 1
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes