A comprehensive study on the production of autoclaved aerated concrete: Effects of silica-lime-cement composition and autoclaving conditions

Ying Liang Chen, Juu En Chang, Yi Chieh Lai, Mei In Melissa Chou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study describes the effects of raw mix composition, amount of foaming agent, water-solids ratio, steam pressure, and curing time on the characteristics of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The bulk density, compressive strength, and microstructures of AAC specimens were examined, and X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and thermal analyses were employed. The bulk density of AAC was affected by the amount of aluminum powder added and water-solids ratio, and especially the latter. An increase in the amount of cement was not beneficial to the development of compressive strength. In contrast, autoclave curing greatly enhanced the compressive strength, and the AAC specimen autoclaved at 12 atm for 16 h had the highest compressive strength of 13.3 MPa. Increasing steam pressure can notably reduce the curing time, based on similar requirements of compressive strength. In contrast, prolonging curing time was helpful to the development of compressive strength under low steam pressure conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-629
Number of pages8
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 30

Fingerprint

Lime
Silicon Dioxide
Compressive strength
Cements
Silica
Concretes
Curing
Steam
Chemical analysis
Blowing agents
Water
Autoclaves
Aluminum
Mercury
Powders
lime
X ray diffraction
Microstructure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

@article{4a87ddcb17a94782b0453bf8510ea877,
title = "A comprehensive study on the production of autoclaved aerated concrete: Effects of silica-lime-cement composition and autoclaving conditions",
abstract = "This study describes the effects of raw mix composition, amount of foaming agent, water-solids ratio, steam pressure, and curing time on the characteristics of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The bulk density, compressive strength, and microstructures of AAC specimens were examined, and X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and thermal analyses were employed. The bulk density of AAC was affected by the amount of aluminum powder added and water-solids ratio, and especially the latter. An increase in the amount of cement was not beneficial to the development of compressive strength. In contrast, autoclave curing greatly enhanced the compressive strength, and the AAC specimen autoclaved at 12 atm for 16 h had the highest compressive strength of 13.3 MPa. Increasing steam pressure can notably reduce the curing time, based on similar requirements of compressive strength. In contrast, prolonging curing time was helpful to the development of compressive strength under low steam pressure conditions.",
author = "Chen, {Ying Liang} and Chang, {Juu En} and Lai, {Yi Chieh} and Chou, {Mei In Melissa}",
year = "2017",
month = "10",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.116",
language = "English",
volume = "153",
pages = "622--629",
journal = "Construction and Building Materials",
issn = "0950-0618",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A comprehensive study on the production of autoclaved aerated concrete

T2 - Effects of silica-lime-cement composition and autoclaving conditions

AU - Chen, Ying Liang

AU - Chang, Juu En

AU - Lai, Yi Chieh

AU - Chou, Mei In Melissa

PY - 2017/10/30

Y1 - 2017/10/30

N2 - This study describes the effects of raw mix composition, amount of foaming agent, water-solids ratio, steam pressure, and curing time on the characteristics of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The bulk density, compressive strength, and microstructures of AAC specimens were examined, and X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and thermal analyses were employed. The bulk density of AAC was affected by the amount of aluminum powder added and water-solids ratio, and especially the latter. An increase in the amount of cement was not beneficial to the development of compressive strength. In contrast, autoclave curing greatly enhanced the compressive strength, and the AAC specimen autoclaved at 12 atm for 16 h had the highest compressive strength of 13.3 MPa. Increasing steam pressure can notably reduce the curing time, based on similar requirements of compressive strength. In contrast, prolonging curing time was helpful to the development of compressive strength under low steam pressure conditions.

AB - This study describes the effects of raw mix composition, amount of foaming agent, water-solids ratio, steam pressure, and curing time on the characteristics of autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC). The bulk density, compressive strength, and microstructures of AAC specimens were examined, and X-ray diffraction, mercury intrusion porosimetry, and thermal analyses were employed. The bulk density of AAC was affected by the amount of aluminum powder added and water-solids ratio, and especially the latter. An increase in the amount of cement was not beneficial to the development of compressive strength. In contrast, autoclave curing greatly enhanced the compressive strength, and the AAC specimen autoclaved at 12 atm for 16 h had the highest compressive strength of 13.3 MPa. Increasing steam pressure can notably reduce the curing time, based on similar requirements of compressive strength. In contrast, prolonging curing time was helpful to the development of compressive strength under low steam pressure conditions.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85025619522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85025619522&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.116

DO - 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.116

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85025619522

VL - 153

SP - 622

EP - 629

JO - Construction and Building Materials

JF - Construction and Building Materials

SN - 0950-0618

ER -