Tourette's syndrome, no longer considered as a rare and unusual disease, is the most severe tic disorder in children. Early differential diagnosis between Tourette's syndrome and chronic tic disorder is difficult but important because proper and early medical therapy can improve the child's condition. Brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) perfusion imaging with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime is a method to distinguish these two diseases. In this paper, a fuzzy system called characteristic-point-based fuzzy inference system (CPFIS) is proposed to help radiologists perform computer-aided diagnosis (CAD). The CPFIS consists of SPECT-volume processing, input-variables selection, characteristic-points (CPs) derivation, and parameter tuning of the fuzzy system. Experimental results showed that the major fuzzy rules from the obtained CPs match the major patterns of Tourette's syndrome and chronic tic disorder in perfusion imaging. If any case that was diagnosed as chronic tic by the radiologist but as Tourette's syndrome by the CPFIS was taken as Tourette's syndrome, then the accuracy of the radiologist was increased from 87.5% (21 of 24) without the CPFIS to 91.7% (22 of 24) with the CPFIS. All 17 cases of Tourette's syndrome, which is more severe than chronic tic disorder, were correctly classified. Although the construction and application process of the proposed method is complete, more samples should be used and tested in order to design a universally effective CAD without small sample-size concerns in this research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering