A critical review on biochar production from pine wastes, upgradation techniques, environmental sustainability, and challenges

Amit Kumar Sharma, Praveen Kumar Ghodke, Nishu Goyal, Prakash Bobde, Eilhann E. Kwon, Kun Yi Andrew Lin, Wei Hsin Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pine wastes, including pine needles, cones, and wood, are abundantly produced as an agroforestry by-product globally and have shown tremendous potential for biochar production. Various thermochemical conversion technologies have exhibited promising results in converting pine wastes to biochar, displaying impressive performance. Hence, this review paper aims to investigate the possibilities and recent technological advancements for synthesizing biochar from pine waste. Furthermore, it explores techniques for enhancing the properties of biochar and its integrated applications in various fields, such as soil and water remediation, carbon sequestration, battery capacitor synthesis, and bio-coal production. Finally, the paper sheds light on the limitations of current strategies, emphasizing the need for further research and study to address the challenges in pine waste-based biochar synthesis. By promoting sustainable and effective utilization of pine wastes, this review contributes to environmental conservation and resource management.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129632
JournalBioresource technology
Volume387
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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