This paper proposes a recursive discrete Fourier transform (RDFT) foreground digital calibration method for successive approximation (SAR) analog-To-digital converters (ADCs). This calibration method can lower the harmonic distortion caused by capacitor mismatch and dc offset of comparators to improve the resolution and performance of ADCs. Capacitor mismatch results in a digital-To-Analog converter (DAC) capacitor array that is unequal to 2n. RDFT can be adopted to evaluate the real radixes of a DAC capacitor array with a new digital output to compensate for the error caused by capacitor mismatch. Furthermore, the calibration technique can eliminate the dc offset error of a comparator circuit. The proposed novel digital calibration method that utilizes RDFT instead of the traditional fast Fourier transform has the advantages of variable transform length, lower complexity, faster computation, and less hardware cost. The analog block of SAR ADC with RDFT is implemented in the TSMC 0.18-μm standard CMOS process with a 200-kS/s sampling rate to validate the proposed method. Simulation results show that the total harmonic distortion (THD) is 64.97 dB before calibration, whereas a THD of 73.05 dB can be achieved after calibration. In addition, the effective bit numbers are 9.98 and 11.26 b before and after calibration, respectively.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs|
|Publication status||Published - 2016 Feb|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering