A finite element study on Shanley's plastic buckling theory of short columns

Chang New Chen

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5 Citations (Scopus)


The continuum modeling of finite element method is used to study the reliability of Shanley's plastic buckling theory which generalizes Engesser's tangent-modulus theory and Kármán's reduced-modulus theory. The study includes the deformation behavior that is the basis of the development of classical theories, the change of deformation behavior following the variation of the slenderness ratio of the column model, the adequacy of the classical approach of simply using certain effective moduli in Euler's formula to define the buckling load, and the difference of factors which affect Shanley's buckling load and the buckling load of finite element results. Buckling loads of different column models are obtained by the converged finite element solutions. They are compared with Shanley's buckling loads. In solving the nonlinear finite element systems, the incremental iterative procedure is used to update the response history. And an accelerated iteration method based on improving a modified Newton-Raphson scheme is used for obtaining converged solutions of the discretized nonlinear algebraic systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-982
Number of pages8
JournalComputers and Structures
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Jun 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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