A Gabor Feature Based Horizontal and Vertical Discriminant for Face Verification

Yi Chun Lee, Chin-Hsing Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


In this paper, a novel discriminant analysis method for a Gabor-based image feature extraction and representation is proposed and then implemented. The horizontal and vertical two-dimensional principal component analysis (HV-2DPCA) is directly applied to a Gabor face to reduce the redundant information and preserve a bi-directional characteristic as well. It is followed by an enhanced Fisher linear discriminant model (EFM) generating a low-dimensional feature representation with enhanced discrimination power. By the most discriminant features, different types of classes of training samples are made widely apart and the same category classes are made as compact as possible. This novel algorithm is designated as the horizontal and vertical enhanced Gabor Fisher discriminant (HV-EGF) in this paper. By use of various dimensions of features as well as various numbers of training samples, our experiments indicate that the proposed HV-EGF method provides a superior recognition accuracy relative to those by the Fisher linear discriminant (FLD), the EFM and the Gabor Fisher classifier (GFC) methods. In our proposal, the recognition accuracies up to 99.0% and 97.7% are reached with images of features dimensions 38 × 38 × 2 and 10 × 10 × 2 on the ORL and the Yale databases, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2111-2123
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Innovative Computing, Information and Control
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Information Systems
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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