A Generalized Tool for Accurate and Efficient Image Registration of UAV Multi-lens Multispectral Cameras by N-SURF Matching

Jyun Ping Jhan, Jiann Yeou Rau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The original multispectral (MS) images obtained from multi-lens multispectral cameras (MSCs) have significant misregistration errors, which require image registration for precise spectral measurement. However, due to the non-linearity intensity differences among MS images, performing image matching is difficult to find sufficient correct matches (CMs) for image registration, and results in a complex coarse-to-fine solution. Based on the modification of Speed-up Robust Feature (SURF), we proposed a normalized SURF (N-SURF) that can significantly increase the amount of CMs among different pairs of MS images and make one-step image registration possible. In this study, we first introduce N-SURF and adopt different MS datasets acquired from three representative MSCs (MCA-12, Altum, and Sequoia) to evaluate its matching ability. Meanwhile, we utilized three image transformation modelsAffine Transform (AT), Projective Transform (PT), and an Extended Projective Transform (EPT) to correct the misregistration errors of MSCs and evaluate their co-registration correctness. The results show that N-SURF can obtain 620 times more CMs than SURF and can successfully match all pairs of MS images, while SURF failed in the cases of significant spectral differences. Moreover, visual comparison, accuracy assessment, and residual analysis show that EPT can more accurately correct the viewpoint and lens distortion differences of MSCs than AT and PT, and it can obtain co-registration accuracy of 0.20.4 pixels. Subsequently, using the successful N-SURF matching and EPT model, we developed an automatic MS image registration tool that is suitable for various multi-lens MSCs.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Atmospheric Science

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