A heat shock protein 90 inhibitor reduces oncoprotein expression and induces cell death in heterogeneous glioblastoma cells with EGFR, PDGFRA, CDK4, and NF1 aberrations

Kuan Ta Ho, Pei Fan Chen, Jian Ying Chuang, Po Wu Gean, Yuan Shuo Hsueh

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Abstract

Aims: Glioblastoma (GBM) is a highly malignant brain tumor. After treatment with the first-line drug temozolomide, only 50% of patients are responsive. Recent literature shows that the difficulty in treating GBM is mainly due to the heterogeneity of its four major cellular states, which are characterized by differences in EGFR, PDGFRA, CDK4, and NF1. Therefore, development of a multitarget drug is a potential strategy for treating heterogeneous GBM. Main methods: In this study, the antitumor ability of a potent heat shock protein 90 inhibitor, NVP-AUY922 (AUY922), was evaluated in GBM cell lines (U-87 MG and T98G cells) and patient-derived GBM cell lines [P#5 and P#5 temozolomide-resistant (TMZ-R) cells]. Key findings: We found that AUY922 significantly reduced cell viability and colony formation in four GBM cell lines. AUY922 also significantly induced apoptosis by increasing PARP1 cleavage and the number of annexin V-positive cells. The autophagy indicators as MAP1LC3B cleavage and MAP1LC3B puncta were increased after AUY922 treatment. AUY922-induced cell death could be partially reversed by pharmacological inhibition of either apoptotic inhibitor or autophagy inhibitor. Moreover, AUY922 reduced the mRNA and protein expressions of EGFR, PDGFRA, CDK4, and NF1, which contribute to the four cellular state subtypes in GBM cells. In addition, the downstream signaling proteins of these four proteins, AKT/p-AKT, MAPK/p-MAPK, and BRAF, were downregulated after AUY922 treatment. Significance: Taken together, AUY922 led to GBM cell death via apoptosis and autophagy, and reduced the mRNA and protein expression of EGFR, PDGFRA, CDK4, and NF1in heterogeneous GBM cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article number120176
JournalLife Sciences
Volume288
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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