A KRAS mutation status-stratified randomized phase II trial of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin alone or in combination with cetuximab in advanced biliary tract cancer

on behalf of the Taiwan Cooperative Oncology Group

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76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Previous clinical trials have not proved that adding epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitors to chemotherapy confers a survival benefit for patients with advanced biliary tract cancer (ABTC). Whether the KRAS mutation status of tumor cells confounded the results of past studies is unknown. Patients and methods: ABTC patients stratified by KRAS status, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, and primary tumor location were randomized 1: 1 to receive GEMOX (800 mg/m2 gemcitabine and 85 mg/m2 oxaliplatin) or C-GEMOX (500 mg/m2 cetuximab plus GEMOX) every 2 weeks. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR). Results: The study enrolled 122 patients between December 2010 and May 2012 (62 treated with C-GEMOX and 60 with GEMOX). Compared with GEMOX alone, C-GEMOX was associated with trend to better ORR (27% versus 15%; P=0.12) and progression-free survival (PFS, 6.7 versus 4.1 months; P = 0.05), but not overall survival (OS, 10.6 versus 9.8 months; P=0.91). KRAS mutations, which were detected in 36% of tumor samples, did not affect the trends of difference in ORR and PFS between C-GEMOX and GEMOX. The two treatment arms had similar adverse events, except that more patients had skin rashes, allergic reactions, and neutropenia in the C-GEMOX arm. Of patients with C-GEMOX, the presence of a grade 2 or 3 skin rash was associated with significantly better ORR, PFS, and OS. Conclusions: Addition of cetuximab did not significantly improve the ORR of GEMOX chemotherapy in ABTC, although a trend of PFS improvement was observed. The trend of improvement did not correlate with KRAS mutation status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)943-949
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of Oncology
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Oncology

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