A methodology for estimating the position of the engineering bedrock for offshore wind farm seismic demand in Taiwan

Yu Shu Kuo, Tzu Ling Weng, Hui Ting Hsu, Hsing Wei Chang, Yun Chen Lin, Shang Chun Chang, Ya Jhu Chuang, Yu Hsiu Tseng, Yih Ting Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Taiwan lies in the circum-Pacific earthquake zone. The seabed soil of offshore wind farms in Taiwan is mainly composed of loose silty sand and soft, low-plasticity clay. The seismic demand for offshore wind turbines has been given by the local code. Ground-motion analysis is required to consider the site effects of the soil liquefaction potential evaluation and the foundation design of offshore wind turbines. However, the depth of the engineering bedrock for ground motion analysis is not presented in the local code. In this study, we develop a three-dimensional ground model of an offshore wind farm in the Changhua area, through use of collected in situ borehole and PS (P wave (compression) and S (shear) wave velocities) logging test data. The engineering bedrock is the sediment at the depth where the average shear wave velocity of soil within 30 m, Vsd30, is larger than 360 m/s. In this ground model, the shear wave velocity of each type of soil is quantified using the seismic empirical formulation developed in this study. The results indicate that the engineering bedrock lies at least 49.5-83 m beneath the seabed at the Changhua offshore wind farm. Based on these findings, it is recommended that drilling more than 100 m below the seabed be done to obtain shear wave velocity data for a ground response analysis of the seismic force assessment of offshore wind farm foundation designs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2474
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2021 May 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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