Peritoneal fibrosis is an important complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD). To investigate and address this problem, an appropriate animal model of PD is required. The present protocol establishes a chlorhexidine gluconate (CG) induced peritoneal fibrosis model that mimics the condition of a patient with PD. Peritoneal fibrosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 0.1% of CG in 15% ethanol for 3 weeks (administered every other day), for a total of nine times in male C57BL/6 mice. Peritoneal functional tests were then performed on day 22. After the mice were sacrificed, the parietal peritoneum of the abdominal wall and the visceral peritoneum of the liver were harvested. They were thicker and more fibrotic when analyzed microscopically after Masson's trichrome staining. The ultrafiltration rate decreased, and glucose mass transport indicated a CG-induced increase in peritoneal permeability. The PD model thus established may have applications in improving PD technology, dialysis efficacy, and prolonging patient survival.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)