A dynamic adsorption model for surface-active materials at air/liquid interfaces with the consideration of aggregate dissolution effect was developed to investigate the dynamic surface tension behavior of aqueous surfactant dispersions. Two catanionic surfactants, cetylpyridinium dodecylsulfate (CP-DS) and dodecyltrimethylammonium dodecylsulfate (DTMA-DS), with low critical aggregation concentrations were chosen as model systems. Dynamic surface tensions of aqueous CP-DS and DTMA-DS systems were measured by a drop volume tensiometer. A model with diffusion-controlled or mixed-kinetic dynamic adsorption mechanisms considering the dissolution effect of dispersed aggregates was developed to simulate the dynamic surface tension data. An analysis by comparing the model predictions with experimental data demonstrated that the dynamic surface tension behavior of aqueous CP-DS and DTMA-DS dispersions could be described with a diffusion-controlled dynamic adsorption model taking the aggregate dissolution effect into account.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry