A multi-component reaction to 5-cyanouracils: Synthesis and mechanistic study

Bo Ren Zhuang, Gien Jow Hsu, Kuangsen Sung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Acetonitrile as a solvent, excess of primary amines as general bases, and a reflux condition make the multi-component reactions of (2-cyanoacetyl) carbamate 1, ethyl orthoformate, and primary amines form 5-cyanouracils 4a-c feasibly. Mechanistic studies of the multi-component reaction were carried out by proton NMR spectrometer. Acetonitrile as a solvent makes the reaction of 1 with ethyl orthoformate produce E-ethyl (2-cyano-3-ethoxyacryloyl) carbamate E-2 without a catalyst of acetic anhydride. The reactions of E-2 with primary amines produce the corresponding Z-3a-c as the only stable isomers eventually in CDCl3 or CD3CN. General-base-catalyzed intramolecular cyclizations of Z-3a-c at a reflux condition in CD3CN generated the corresponding 5-cyanouracils 4a-c.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3399-3404
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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