A new sensorless commutation drive for brushless DC motors and alternators

Cheng Hu Chen, Ming-Yang Cheng

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A high performance bidirectional DC/AC converter is required for low emission and high efficiency propulsion systems, such as electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). In order to increase the reliability of the drive system, this paper presents the design, analysis, and implementation of a cost effective sensorless control scheme for the extensively used brushless DC motors and alternators. Taking into consideration cost and ease of implementation, the commutation signals are obtained without the motor neutral voltage, multistage analog filters, A/D converters, and the complex digital phase shift (delay) circuit which are indispensable in the conventional sensorless control algorithms. In the proposed approach, instead of detecting the zero crossing point of the nonexcited phase back EMF to the neutral voltage, the commutation signals are extracted directly from the specific average line to line voltages with simple RC circuits and comparators. As a result, the proposed control algorithm can be easily implemented with the low cost CPLDs or 8-bit micro-controllers. Because of the inherent low cost property, the proposed control algorithm is particularly suitable for cost sensitive products such as electric bikes, electric scooters, hybrid electric scooters, home appliances, automotive components, etc. Theoretical analysis and experimental results show that the proposed control algorithm exhibits satisfactory performance over a wide operation range in both motor and alternator operations.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Symposium on Industrial Electronics 2006, ISIE 2006
Pages2116-2121
Number of pages6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 1
EventInternational Symposium on Industrial Electronics 2006, ISIE 2006 - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 2006 Jul 92006 Jul 13

Publication series

NameIEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics
Volume3

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Industrial Electronics 2006, ISIE 2006
CountryCanada
CityMontreal, QC
Period06-07-0906-07-13

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Chen, C. H., & Cheng, M-Y. (2006). A new sensorless commutation drive for brushless DC motors and alternators. In International Symposium on Industrial Electronics 2006, ISIE 2006 (pp. 2116-2121). [4078575] (IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Electronics; Vol. 3). https://doi.org/10.1109/ISIE.2006.295900