A new ultrasonic temperature measurement system for air conditioners in automobiles

Teh Lu Liao, Wen Yuan Tsai, Chih Feng Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a microcomputer-based ultrasonic temperature sensor system to measure the temperature of an air conditioner (AC) in an automobile. It uses the ultrasonic measurement of the changes in the speed of sound in the air to determine the temperature of the environmental air. The changes in the speed of sound are calculated by combining time-of-flight (TOF) and phase shift techniques. This method can work in a wider range than using phase shift alone and is more accurate than the TOF scheme. In the proposed system, we use 40 ± 2 kHz ultrasonic transducers and adopt a single-pass operation. An 89c51 single-chip microcomputer-based binary frequency shift-keyed (BFSK) signal generator and phase detector are designed to record and calculate the TOF, phase shift of the two frequencies and temperature. These data are then sent to either an LCD display or to a PC for calibration and examination. Experimental results show that the proposed measurement system has a high accuracy of ±0.4°C from 0 to 80°C and can reflect the temperature change within 100 ms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)413-419
Number of pages7
JournalMeasurement Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Applied Mathematics


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