A Newly Recognized Histologic Pattern of IgG4-related Lymphadenopathy

Expanding the Morphologic Spectrum

Ying-Ren Chen, Yi Ju Chen, Ming Chung Wang, L. Jeffrey Medeiros, Kung-Chao Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related sclerosing disease is a fibroinflammatory disorder characterized by tumor-forming lesions at multiple anatomic sites and by increased serum levels of IgG4. IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, defined as lymphadenopathy developing in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease, is known to manifest in 5 histologic patterns: (1) multicentric Castleman disease-like; (2) reactive follicular hyperplasia; (3) interfollicular plasmacytosis with immunoblasts; (4) progressive transformation of germinal centers-like; and (5) inflammatory pseudotumor-like. Herein, we describe a 37-year-old man with an additional pattern of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy that we designate as infectious mononucleosis-like. This pattern is characterized by effacement of the nodal architecture by an infiltrate composed of numerous mature plasma cells, plasmacytoid cells, large basophilic transformed lymphocytes (immunoblasts), and small-sized to medium-sized lymphocytes and histiocytes. Perivascular fibrosis and karyorrhectic debris with fibrin deposition were also focally identified. Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization showed scattered positive small lymphocytes, 1% to 2%. The initial spike of IgG4 in serum (>4400 mg/dL) decreased by half after 1 month of steroid therapy. His condition was stable during 1 year of follow-up. We report this case because the findings expand the morphologic spectrum of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-982
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Surgical Pathology
Volume42
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

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Immunoglobulin G
Lymphocytes
Plasma Cell Granuloma
Infectious Mononucleosis
Histiocytes
Plasma Cells
Fibrin
Serum
Human Herpesvirus 4
Hyperplasia
In Situ Hybridization
Lymphadenopathy
Immunoglobulins
Fibrosis
Steroids
RNA
Neoplasms
Therapeutics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Cite this

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title = "A Newly Recognized Histologic Pattern of IgG4-related Lymphadenopathy: Expanding the Morphologic Spectrum",
abstract = "Immunoglobulin (Ig)G4-related sclerosing disease is a fibroinflammatory disorder characterized by tumor-forming lesions at multiple anatomic sites and by increased serum levels of IgG4. IgG4-related lymphadenopathy, defined as lymphadenopathy developing in patients with IgG4-related sclerosing disease, is known to manifest in 5 histologic patterns: (1) multicentric Castleman disease-like; (2) reactive follicular hyperplasia; (3) interfollicular plasmacytosis with immunoblasts; (4) progressive transformation of germinal centers-like; and (5) inflammatory pseudotumor-like. Herein, we describe a 37-year-old man with an additional pattern of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy that we designate as infectious mononucleosis-like. This pattern is characterized by effacement of the nodal architecture by an infiltrate composed of numerous mature plasma cells, plasmacytoid cells, large basophilic transformed lymphocytes (immunoblasts), and small-sized to medium-sized lymphocytes and histiocytes. Perivascular fibrosis and karyorrhectic debris with fibrin deposition were also focally identified. Epstein-Barr virus-encoded small RNA in situ hybridization showed scattered positive small lymphocytes, 1{\%} to 2{\%}. The initial spike of IgG4 in serum (>4400 mg/dL) decreased by half after 1 month of steroid therapy. His condition was stable during 1 year of follow-up. We report this case because the findings expand the morphologic spectrum of IgG4-related lymphadenopathy.",
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A Newly Recognized Histologic Pattern of IgG4-related Lymphadenopathy : Expanding the Morphologic Spectrum. / Chen, Ying-Ren; Chen, Yi Ju; Wang, Ming Chung; Medeiros, L. Jeffrey; Chang, Kung-Chao.

In: American Journal of Surgical Pathology, Vol. 42, No. 7, 01.01.2018, p. 977-982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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