A novel chimeric dengue vaccine candidate composed of consensus envelope protein domain III fused to C-terminal-modified NS1 protein

Hong Jyun Huang, Martyr Yang, Hsin Wei Chen, Shuying Wang, Chih Peng Chang, Tzong Shiann Ho, Yu San Kao, Sen Mao Tien, Hsing Han Lin, Po Chun Chang, Yen Chung Lai, Yu Peng Hsiao, Yi Ling Liu, Chiao Hsuan Chao, Robert Anderson, Trai Ming Yeh, Yee Shin Lin, Shu Wen Wan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

There is an urgent need for a safe and effective vaccine against dengue virus (DENV) which infects about 390 million humans per year. In the present study we combined modifications of two DENV proteins, the nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) and the envelope (E) protein, to produce a DENV vaccine candidate with enhanced features. One of these modified proteins was a C-terminal-deleted fragment of NS1 called ΔC NS1 which we have shown previously to be protective without the potentially harmful effects of cross-reactive epitopes common to surface antigens on platelets and endothelial cells. The other modified protein was an envelope protein domain III (cEDIII) containing a consensus amino acid sequence among the four serotypes of DENV, which induces neutralizing antibody against all four DENV serotypes. The cEDIII and ΔC NS1 were expressed as a fusion protein cEDIII-ΔC NS1 and its protective effects against DENV were evaluated in a mouse model. C3H/HeN mice were immunized three times with cEDIII-ΔC NS1 fusion protein mixed with alum as adjuvant. Sera collected from cEDIII-ΔC NS1-immunized mice neutralized four serotypes of DENV and also caused complement-mediated cytolysis of HMEC-1 cells infected with each of the four different DENV serotypes. Mice immunized with cEDIII-ΔC NS1 and challenged with DENV showed reduced serum virus titer, soluble NS1 and bleeding time, compared with mice infected with DENV alone. The results reveal that antibodies induced by cEDIII-ΔC NS1 not only show anti-viral efficacy by in vitro assays but also provide protective effects against DENV infection in a mouse model. The cEDIII-ΔC NS1 thus represents a novel, effective DENV vaccine candidate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2299-2310
Number of pages12
JournalVaccine
Volume40
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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