A novel design of solid-state NaBH4 composite as a hydrogen source for 2 W PEMFC applications

Chan Li Hsueh, Cheng Hong Liu, Bing Hung Chen, Ming San Lee, Cheng Yen Chen, Yu Wen Lu, Fanghei Tsau, Jie Ren Ku

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrolysis of sodium borohydride (NaBH4) is a promising method for on-board hydrogen supply to polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFC). This article presents an attempt to design a novel solid-state NaBH4 composite, which is made up of NaBH4 powder, Co2+/IR-120 catalyst and silicone rubber, for hydrogen generator. The silicone rubber can act as a stabilizer in the solid-state NaBH4 composite because of its surface hydrophobicity leading to reduced diffusion rate of water into the composite. The solid-state NaBH4 composite can produce hydrogen stably near 25 mL min-1 for at least 2 h without employment of any mechanical control system. Using the hydrogen generated from the solid-state NaBH4 composite, a 2 W PEMFC stack is successfully operated to power a cellular phone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3530-3538
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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