Integration of renewable energy sources in distribution system inflicts new challenges to the conventional protection scheme by substantially changing the amplitude and direction of fault current. In this paper, a novel protection scheme for DC microgrid based on the characteristics of reactor voltage during transient operation in both grid-connected and islanded mode of operation is proposed. The proposed protection scheme incorporates both primary as well as localized back-up protection scheme. In order to detect and classify faults, primary protection scheme utilizes the polarity of the transient reactor voltage at both ends of the cable under different operating conditions. As the primary protection uses the polarity of reactor voltage at both ends, thus the proposed scheme doesn't require high speed communication and synchronous data. In case of communication failure, localized back-up protection scheme based on the change in reactor voltage at one end of the cable is used to identify the faulty section. The efficacy of the proposed scheme is verified against various internal and external faults along with system transients such as AC side faults, load variation, DG outage, noisy environment and generation uncertainties due to change in solar irradiance and wind speed. Finally, a scaled down hardware setup is used to validate the proposed protection scheme, which further illustrates the feasibility and reliability of the proposed protection scheme.
|Journal||International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Nov|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering