A novel surrogate model for emulation of bi-fluid swirl injector flow dynamics

Yixing Li, Xingjian Wang, Yu Hung Chang, Petro Junior Milan, Vigor Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The present study proposes and implements a high-fidelity data-driven emulation framework to predict spatiotemporal flow field in gas-centered, liquid-swirl coaxial (GCLSC) injectors, operating at supercritical conditions. In this injector, the mixing process of high-speed gaseous oxygen and swirling kerosene renders complicated flow dynamics. The emulation framework employs the common kernel-smoothed proper orthogonal decomposition (CKSPOD) technique as the surrogate model. The CKSPOD technique extracts dominant coherent flow structures through Hadamard-based POD, conducts kriging-based training process, and then reconstructs the structures to predict the flowfield of a new case. Significant improvements, including common-grid interpolation and physics-based conditions, are incorporated to the current framework to accommodate the prediction of complicated flow dynamics and mixing characteristics with varying geometry. In this study, recess length is chosen as the varying design parameter, and the LES results of GCLSC injectors at all design settings are collected to train the CKSPOD-based emulator. Detailed evaluations of the predicted flow fields are carried out, and the current framework can capture spatiotemporally evolving flow field, as well as propellant mixing with high accuracy. Good agreements are also achieved for time-averaged flow fields. In addition to the highly accurately prediction, the developed framework significantly reduces the computational time for the evaluation of new injector designs and will serve as a competitive tool for efficient survey of the design space.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
Number of pages32
ISBN (Print)9781624105951
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 2020 Jan 62020 Jan 10

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum


ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020
CountryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering

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