A novel ternary nanocomposite for improving the cycle life and capacitance of polypyrrole

Che Wei Chu, Fitri Nur Indah Sari, Jack Chun Ren Ke, Jyh Ming Ting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel ternary nanocomposite MoS 2 /MoO 3 /polypyrrole (PPy) has been fabricated. MoO 3 nanoparticle-decorated few-layered MoS 2 nanosheets were first prepared via the exfoliation of partially oxidized MoS 2 . In situ oxidation polymerization was then used to fabricate the ternary nanocomposites. We show the synergetic effects provided by the ternary composites via investigating the electrochemical performance of supercapacitors using the nanocomposites as the electrodes. Furthermore, the morphology evolution during the synthesis of the MoO 3 nanoparticle-decorated MoS 2 nanosheets was also examined. This not only allows the understanding of the formation mechanism but also leads to the surprising discovery of unprecedented amorphous carbon (a-C) layers intercalated in between the MoS 2 nanosheets. We therefore propose a mechanism to explain the formation of such a-C layer and demonstrate that the a-C plays a critical role in the supercapacitor performance. Finally, we demonstrate that the cycle life and capacitance of PPy are enhanced via the addition of MoS 2 /MoO 3 with an excellent Csp of 352 F g −1 and electrochemical stability with Csp retention up to 105% after 2000 cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-539
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume462
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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