A pilot study of HIV education on readiness to change on substance use, AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy for risk reduction among male drug-dependent inmates

Nai Ying Ko, Su Ting Hsu, Cheng Hui Chen, Chi Yeh Tsai, Pei Jen Chu, Chiao Jung Huang, Cheng Fang Yen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taiwan is experiencing an outbreak of human immunodeficiency virus infection among injection drug users. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of a Transtheoretical Model-based HIV education program among drug-dependent inmates. A single group pre/post design was used to evaluate shortened impacts among 136 inmates who were arrested for illicit drug use and had attended a brief HIV education program in 2005. A repeated-measures analysis of variance indicated positive changes in AIDS knowledge (F = 104.16, p < 0.001), self-efficacy to reduce HIV-risk behaviors (F = 26.5, p < 0.001), and readiness of change on substance use (F = 4.83, p = 0.03). The study findings showed that a brief TTM-based HIV education program can be effective for drug-dependent inmates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)322-331
Number of pages10
JournalSubstance Use and Misuse
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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