A posteriori least squares orthogonal subspace projection approach to desired signature extraction and detection

Te Ming Tu, Chin Hsing Chen, Chein I. Chang

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One of the primary goals of imaging spectrometry in earth remote sensing applications is to determine identities and abundances of surface materials. In a recent study, an orthogonal subspace projection (OSP) was proposed for image classification. However, it was developed for an a priori linear spectral mixture model which did not take advantage of a posteriori knowledge of observations. In this paper, an a posterior least squares orthogonal subspace projection (LSOSP) derived from OSP is presented on the basis of an a posteriori model so that the abundances of signatures can be estimated through observations rather than assumed to be known as in the a priori model. In order to evaluate the OSP and LSOSP approaches, a Neyman-Pearson detection theory is developed where a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is used for performance analysis. In particular, a locally optimal Neyman-Pearson's detector is also designed for the case where the global abundance is very small with energy close to zero a case to which both LSOSP and OSP cannot be applied. It is shown through computer simulations that the presented LSOSP approach significantly improves the performance of OSP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-139
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Dec 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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