Background: Non-virus genetic treatment for Parkinson's disease (PD) via plasmid glial cell-line derived neurotrophic factor (pGDNF) has shown potential for repairing damaged dopaminergic neurons. However, development of this gene therapy is largely hampered by the insufficient transfection efficiency as a result of the cell membrane, lysosome, and cytoskeleton meshwork. Methods: In this study, we propose the use of polyethylenimine (PEI)-superparamagnetic iron oxide-plasmid DNA (pDNA)-loaded microbubbles (PSp-MBs) in conjunction with focused ultrasound (FUS) and two-step magnetic navigation to provide cavitation, proton sponge effect and magnetic effects to increase the efficiency of gene delivery. Results: The gene transfection rate in the proposed system was 2.2-fold higher than that of the commercial agent (TransIT®-LT1). The transfection rate could be boosted ∼11%, ∼10%, and 6% by cavitation-magnetic hybrid enhanced cell membrane permeabilization, proton sponge effect, and magnetic-assisted cytoskeleton-reorganization, respectively. In vivo data suggested that effective gene delivery with this system results in a 3.2-fold increase in recovery of dopaminergic neurons and a 3.9-fold improvement in the motor behavior when compared to untreated genetic PD mice. Conclusions: We proposed that this novel FUS-magnetic hybrid gene delivery platform could be integrated with a variety of therapeutic genes for treating neurodegenerative diseases in the future.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology