In this study, the efficacy of an anti-ras ribozyme in reversing a transformed phenotype was investigated. A murine NIH/3T3-derived cell line, designated 2-12, contains an inducible Ha-ras oncogene, which is regulated by the Escherichia coli (E. coli) lac operator/repressor system, and displays a transformed phenotype after isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactoside induction. To reverse the transformed characteristics, the ribozyme, which specifically targets the Ha-ras oncogene at the codon 12 mutation site (GGC to GUC), was transfected into 2-12 cells. Two (ribZ4 and ribZ7) clones were subsequently selected and analyzed for their transforming features. Our results show that, in the transfectants, ribozyme gene expression was detected, and the target Ha-ras transgene was expressed at basal levels. Their phenotypic responses, including morphology, cell growth rate, colony-formation efficiency and tumorigenicity in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency were more similar to those of NIH/3T3 than 2-12 transformed cells. Directly injecting the ribozyme DNA into tumors induced by transformed 2-12 cells in BALB/c mice also caused tumor regression. The enzymatic cleavage products of the ribozyme acting on mutant Ha-ras mRNA in vivo were detected by primer-extension analysis. These results indicate that the ribozyme were designed exhibits a site-specific ribonuclease function that effectively abrogates Ha-ras-oncogene-induced transformation, and this unique anti-Ha-ras property should shed light on the development of strategies against the Ha-ras-oncogene-initiated malignancy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research