Based on our previously developed ship collision avoidance steering system, this paper develops a more extensive collision avoidance decision-making system for non-uniformly moving ships. A real-time simulator based on the Six-Dimensional (6D) Manoeuvring Modelling Group (MMG) model is used to simulate the ship's motion. To validate the manoeuvring mathematical model, sea trial measurements of a container ship (C-3) have been selected. This study incorporates Nomoto's second-order model into a numerical model to calculate the turning characteristics of the ship. The manoeuvring indices of Nomoto's model are the knowledge base of the simplified ship simulation model. To verify the ship collision avoidance system with respect to different traffic factors, simple and complex collision avoidance cases have been designed in fast-time simulations with multi-ship encounter conditions. The simplified simulation model developed here can quickly determine the helm angle when the ship makes a collision avoidance manoeuvre, which is helpful for the safety of ship navigation in heavy traffic areas.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ocean Engineering