Little is known about the glycoconjugate changes in human nasopharyngeal epithelium following neoplastic changes. Glycoconjugate histochemistry (Glycine maximus (SBA), Griffonia simplicifolia II (GSA-II), Ulex europaeus (UEA-I), Arachis hypogaea (PNA) and Canavalia ensiformis (ConA)) were performed on the following nasopharyngeal biopsies: 10 adenoid tissues (benign controls), 10 chronic inflammation, 20 squamous metaplasia, 20 undifferentiated carcinoma and 5 squamous cell carcinoma. These results were correlated with the clinical transformations findings. Strong ConA and PNA staining (after neuraminidase treatment (NA)) characterized a subpopulation of squamous metaplasia subjects who later transformed to nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Strong ConA and PNA (before and after NA) depicted the majority of undifferentiated carcinoma subjects having local recurrence following irradiation therapy. In squamous metaplasia, ConA and PNA (after NA) staining may serve as a warning sign for neoplastic changes. Strong stainings for ConA and PNA (before and after NA) in undifferentiated carcinoma subjects may predict a risk for local recurrence.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging