A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis

Kung Chun Lu, James Chang, Yu Shu Kuo, Wei Chen Tseng, Heng Chu Peng, Yi Cheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

The structural health monitoring (SHM) is of primary importance among all the monitoring systems, because the integral functionality of the wind turbine relies heavily on the robustness of the supporting structure. From one aspect of SHM, traditional frequency domain tools limit the precise interpretations of the in-situ vibration signals of an onshore wind turbine. In this study, therefore, by time-frequency analysis, we try to identify the structurally, as well as mechanically, dynamic characteristics of an onshore wind turbine (Zephyros Z72, 1.5 MW), based upon the vibration signals of the supporting structure under parked (idling) and operational states. The dynamic signatures of the structure could be estimated from the vibration signals by system identification tools. However, several non-structurally dynamic patterns appear unexpected on the time-frequency representation while analysing the vibration signals by Short-Time Fourier Transform (STFT). Hence, STFT, equipping with the concepts of mechanical vibration and rotor dynamics, are used as the tools to push the implicit clues discovered on that representation to the explicit illustrations of events probably occurred on the wind-power generating machinery, such as the run-up of the rotor, blade shadowing effects and the subsequent beating phenomena over its supporting structure.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1
Event9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018 - Manchester, United Kingdom
Duration: 2018 Jul 102018 Jul 13

Conference

Conference9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityManchester
Period18-07-1018-07-13

Fingerprint

Wind turbines
Structural health monitoring
Fourier transforms
Rotors
Wind power
Turbomachine blades
Machinery
Identification (control systems)
Monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture

Cite this

Lu, K. C., Chang, J., Kuo, Y. S., Tseng, W. C., Peng, H. C., & Chen, Y. C. (2018). A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis. Paper presented at 9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018, Manchester, United Kingdom.
Lu, Kung Chun ; Chang, James ; Kuo, Yu Shu ; Tseng, Wei Chen ; Peng, Heng Chu ; Chen, Yi Cheng. / A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis. Paper presented at 9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018, Manchester, United Kingdom.
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Lu, KC, Chang, J, Kuo, YS, Tseng, WC, Peng, HC & Chen, YC 2018, 'A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis', Paper presented at 9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018, Manchester, United Kingdom, 18-07-10 - 18-07-13.

A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis. / Lu, Kung Chun; Chang, James; Kuo, Yu Shu; Tseng, Wei Chen; Peng, Heng Chu; Chen, Yi Cheng.

2018. Paper presented at 9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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Lu KC, Chang J, Kuo YS, Tseng WC, Peng HC, Chen YC. A study of rotational loads on the supporting structure of an onshore wind turbine by time-frequency analysis. 2018. Paper presented at 9th European Workshop on Structural Health Monitoring, EWSHM 2018, Manchester, United Kingdom.