A study on inhomogeneous distribution of temper graphite particles in strip-cast Fe-C-Si alloys

J. M. Song, T. S. Lui, L. H. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This study examined the relationship between solidification structure and graphitization characteristics of white cast iron strips produced by strip casting. Experimental results showed that there was an unusual distribution of temper graphite particles along the through-thickness direction of the graphitized strips in comparison with gravity-cast chill plate. In particular, the graphite-free zones appeared in the vicinity of the strip surface after the completion of graphitization, especially in the strip with low carbon and silicon content. There were abnormally straight interfaces between matrix and eutectic cementite with a strong preferred [001]c growth direction caused by the effect of directional solidification found in the near-surface regions of the strips. The interfaces did not form a site for the graphite to nucleate and gave rise to the graphite-free zones close to the strip surface. An increase in carbon and silicon content could significantly increase the number of temper graphite particles and shorten the time for the completion of graphitization, but an inhomogeneous distribution feature of graphite particles was still observed in strips with a higher carbon equivalent value (CE). Furthermore, variations in carbon and silicon content resulted in transitions in carbide morphology and composition, which had a tremendous effect on the graphitization characteristics of the cast iron strips.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1263-1273
Number of pages11
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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