A study on the selective dissolution behavior of duplex stainless steel in systems containing nitric acid

Yan Fu, Changjian Lin, Yixuan Lo, Wenta Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Duplex stainless steel is composed of ferritic and austenitic phases, which have different crystal structure and element component, thus in different solutions, ferrite and austenite demonstrate different dissolution rate, that is, selective dissolution. In this investigation, the potentiodynamic polarization experiment was carried in nitric acid and hydrochloric acid mixture, and mixture of nitric acid and sodium chloride, nitric acid and ferrite chloride as well. After the experiments, SEM and EDS were used to distinguish and analyze the morphology differences of the two phases. The results show that in the solutions containing nitric acid, adding hydrochloric acid and sodium chloride will enhance the selective dissolution of two phases, while adding low concentration of ferrite chloride will decrease the corrosion difference between ferrite and austenite, but the phenomena vanish with the increasing of the concentration of ferrite chloride.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)272-275
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Chinese Society of Corrosion and Protection
Volume24
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Oct 1

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Nitric Acid
Stainless Steel
Nitric acid
Ferrite
Dissolution
Stainless steel
Chlorides
Hydrochloric Acid
Sodium chloride
Hydrochloric acid
Sodium Chloride
Austenite
Potentiodynamic polarization
Energy dispersive spectroscopy
Crystal structure
Experiments
Corrosion
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Duplex stainless steel is composed of ferritic and austenitic phases, which have different crystal structure and element component, thus in different solutions, ferrite and austenite demonstrate different dissolution rate, that is, selective dissolution. In this investigation, the potentiodynamic polarization experiment was carried in nitric acid and hydrochloric acid mixture, and mixture of nitric acid and sodium chloride, nitric acid and ferrite chloride as well. After the experiments, SEM and EDS were used to distinguish and analyze the morphology differences of the two phases. The results show that in the solutions containing nitric acid, adding hydrochloric acid and sodium chloride will enhance the selective dissolution of two phases, while adding low concentration of ferrite chloride will decrease the corrosion difference between ferrite and austenite, but the phenomena vanish with the increasing of the concentration of ferrite chloride.",
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A study on the selective dissolution behavior of duplex stainless steel in systems containing nitric acid. / Fu, Yan; Lin, Changjian; Lo, Yixuan; Tsai, Wenta.

In: Journal of the Chinese Society of Corrosion and Protection, Vol. 24, No. 5, 01.10.2004, p. 272-275.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Fu, Yan

AU - Lin, Changjian

AU - Lo, Yixuan

AU - Tsai, Wenta

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